Wind integration cost impact study for the Arizona public service company: Modeling approach and results

Tom L Acker, Robert Zavadil, Cameron Potter, Ronald Flood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The objectives of this study were to analyze operating impacts and costs of integrating wind energy in the Arizona Public Service (APS) balancing area, due to the variability and uncertainty of wind energy. Wind energy penetration levels from 1% to 10% were considered, corresponding to wind power levels of 100 MW to 1400 MW. A production cost simulation was conducted using APS system modeling software to assess the costs, by comparing the total production cost of the system with wind energy with a reference case that excludes the variability and uncertainty of wind energy. For APS's system, with an anticipated peak load of 7,905 MW in 2010, the integration costs were $0.91, $3.25, $3.57, and $4.08 per MWh for 1%, 4%, 7% and 10% wind energy. The geographic diversity of locating wind power plants over a large area was considered and found to have an important influence on the total integration cost.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)339-354
Number of pages16
JournalWind Engineering
Volume32
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2008

Fingerprint

Wind power
Costs
Industry
Power plants

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Cite this

Wind integration cost impact study for the Arizona public service company : Modeling approach and results. / Acker, Tom L; Zavadil, Robert; Potter, Cameron; Flood, Ronald.

In: Wind Engineering, Vol. 32, No. 4, 2008, p. 339-354.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Acker, Tom L ; Zavadil, Robert ; Potter, Cameron ; Flood, Ronald. / Wind integration cost impact study for the Arizona public service company : Modeling approach and results. In: Wind Engineering. 2008 ; Vol. 32, No. 4. pp. 339-354.
@article{e129f950d4c74dde89809eb445bc771a,
title = "Wind integration cost impact study for the Arizona public service company: Modeling approach and results",
abstract = "The objectives of this study were to analyze operating impacts and costs of integrating wind energy in the Arizona Public Service (APS) balancing area, due to the variability and uncertainty of wind energy. Wind energy penetration levels from 1{\%} to 10{\%} were considered, corresponding to wind power levels of 100 MW to 1400 MW. A production cost simulation was conducted using APS system modeling software to assess the costs, by comparing the total production cost of the system with wind energy with a reference case that excludes the variability and uncertainty of wind energy. For APS's system, with an anticipated peak load of 7,905 MW in 2010, the integration costs were $0.91, $3.25, $3.57, and $4.08 per MWh for 1{\%}, 4{\%}, 7{\%} and 10{\%} wind energy. The geographic diversity of locating wind power plants over a large area was considered and found to have an important influence on the total integration cost.",
author = "Acker, {Tom L} and Robert Zavadil and Cameron Potter and Ronald Flood",
year = "2008",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "32",
pages = "339--354",
journal = "Wind Engineering",
issn = "0309-524X",
publisher = "Multi-Science Publishing Co. Ltd",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Wind integration cost impact study for the Arizona public service company

T2 - Modeling approach and results

AU - Acker, Tom L

AU - Zavadil, Robert

AU - Potter, Cameron

AU - Flood, Ronald

PY - 2008

Y1 - 2008

N2 - The objectives of this study were to analyze operating impacts and costs of integrating wind energy in the Arizona Public Service (APS) balancing area, due to the variability and uncertainty of wind energy. Wind energy penetration levels from 1% to 10% were considered, corresponding to wind power levels of 100 MW to 1400 MW. A production cost simulation was conducted using APS system modeling software to assess the costs, by comparing the total production cost of the system with wind energy with a reference case that excludes the variability and uncertainty of wind energy. For APS's system, with an anticipated peak load of 7,905 MW in 2010, the integration costs were $0.91, $3.25, $3.57, and $4.08 per MWh for 1%, 4%, 7% and 10% wind energy. The geographic diversity of locating wind power plants over a large area was considered and found to have an important influence on the total integration cost.

AB - The objectives of this study were to analyze operating impacts and costs of integrating wind energy in the Arizona Public Service (APS) balancing area, due to the variability and uncertainty of wind energy. Wind energy penetration levels from 1% to 10% were considered, corresponding to wind power levels of 100 MW to 1400 MW. A production cost simulation was conducted using APS system modeling software to assess the costs, by comparing the total production cost of the system with wind energy with a reference case that excludes the variability and uncertainty of wind energy. For APS's system, with an anticipated peak load of 7,905 MW in 2010, the integration costs were $0.91, $3.25, $3.57, and $4.08 per MWh for 1%, 4%, 7% and 10% wind energy. The geographic diversity of locating wind power plants over a large area was considered and found to have an important influence on the total integration cost.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=67650021299&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=67650021299&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:67650021299

VL - 32

SP - 339

EP - 354

JO - Wind Engineering

JF - Wind Engineering

SN - 0309-524X

IS - 4

ER -