Will rising CO2 protect plants from the midday sun? A study of photoinhibition of Quercus myrtifolia in a scrub-oak community in two seasons

G. J. Hymus, Paul Dijkstra, N. R. Baker, B. G. Drake, S. P. Long

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Over a large part of the photoperiod, light energy absorbed by upper canopy leaves saturates photosynthesis and exceeds the energetic requirements for light-saturated linear electron flow through photosystem II (JPSII), SO that photoinhibition results. From a theoretical consideration of the response of light-saturated photosynthesis to elevated atmospheric CO2 partial pressure (pCO2) it may be predicted that, where light-saturated photosynthesis is Rubisco-limited, an increase in pCO2 will stimulate JPSII. Therefore, the proportion of absorbed quanta dissipated photochemically will increase and the potential for photoinhibition of photosynthesis will decrease. This was tested by measuring modulated chlorophyll a fluorescence from Quercus myrtifolia Willd. growing in the field in open-top chambers, at either current ambient or elevated (ambient +35 Pa) pCO2 on Merritt Island, Florida, USA. During spring and summer, light-saturated photosynthesis at current ambient pCO2 was Rubisco-limited. Consistent with theoretical prediction, JPSII was increased and photoinhibition decreased by elevated pCO2 in spring. In the summer, when growth had largely ceased, an acclimatory decrease in the maximum Ribulose 1,5 bisphosphate saturated carboxylation capacity (Vc max) removed the stimulation of JPSII seen in the spring, and photoinhibition was increased in elevated pCO2. It is concluded that, for Q. myrtifolia growing in the field, the effects of elevated pCO2 on JPSII and photoinhibition will reflect seasonal differences in photosynthetic acclimation to elevated pCO2 in a predictable manner.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1361-1368
Number of pages8
JournalPlant, Cell and Environment
Volume24
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Quercus
Photosynthesis
Solar System
photoinhibition
shrublands
photosynthesis
Light
Ribulose-Bisphosphate Carboxylase
ribulose-bisphosphate carboxylase
light requirement
Photosystem II Protein Complex
Partial Pressure
Acclimatization
summer
carboxylation
Photoperiod
ribulose 1,5-diphosphate
Islands
photosystem II
acclimation

Keywords

  • Atmospheric change
  • Chlorophyll fluorescence
  • Elevated carbon dioxide
  • Photosynthesis
  • Rubisco
  • Subtropical

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science

Cite this

Will rising CO2 protect plants from the midday sun? A study of photoinhibition of Quercus myrtifolia in a scrub-oak community in two seasons. / Hymus, G. J.; Dijkstra, Paul; Baker, N. R.; Drake, B. G.; Long, S. P.

In: Plant, Cell and Environment, Vol. 24, No. 12, 2001, p. 1361-1368.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Over a large part of the photoperiod, light energy absorbed by upper canopy leaves saturates photosynthesis and exceeds the energetic requirements for light-saturated linear electron flow through photosystem II (JPSII), SO that photoinhibition results. From a theoretical consideration of the response of light-saturated photosynthesis to elevated atmospheric CO2 partial pressure (pCO2) it may be predicted that, where light-saturated photosynthesis is Rubisco-limited, an increase in pCO2 will stimulate JPSII. Therefore, the proportion of absorbed quanta dissipated photochemically will increase and the potential for photoinhibition of photosynthesis will decrease. This was tested by measuring modulated chlorophyll a fluorescence from Quercus myrtifolia Willd. growing in the field in open-top chambers, at either current ambient or elevated (ambient +35 Pa) pCO2 on Merritt Island, Florida, USA. During spring and summer, light-saturated photosynthesis at current ambient pCO2 was Rubisco-limited. Consistent with theoretical prediction, JPSII was increased and photoinhibition decreased by elevated pCO2 in spring. In the summer, when growth had largely ceased, an acclimatory decrease in the maximum Ribulose 1,5 bisphosphate saturated carboxylation capacity (Vc max) removed the stimulation of JPSII seen in the spring, and photoinhibition was increased in elevated pCO2. It is concluded that, for Q. myrtifolia growing in the field, the effects of elevated pCO2 on JPSII and photoinhibition will reflect seasonal differences in photosynthetic acclimation to elevated pCO2 in a predictable manner.",
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