Wildfire Spread Modeling with Aerial Image Processing

Qiyuan Huang, Abolfazl Razi, Fatemeh Afghah, Peter Fule

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Currently, wildfire spread modeling has drawn a lot of attention from the research community since many countries are suffering from severe socioeconomic impacts of wildfires, every year. Fire spread modeling is a key requirement for effective fire management to deploy fire control equipment and forces at the right time and locations, and plan timely evacuations of residential areas. This paper proposes a new data-driven model for fire expansion which uses reference-based image segmentation for vegetation density estimation and incorporates it into the fire heat conduction modeling. Compared with the conventional parameter collection methods at fire scenes, our method relies on topview images taken by unmanned aerial vehicles, which provides significant advantages of flexibility, safety, low cost, and convenience. Our low-complexity and probabilistic model incorporates the terrain slope, vegetation density, and wind factors with adjustable model parameters which can be easily learned from experiments. The proposed model is flexible and applicable to forests with mixed vegetation and different geographical and climate conditions. We evaluate the fire propagation model by comparing the results with the propagation data available for California Rim fire in 2013.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings - 21st IEEE International Symposium on a World of Wireless, Mobile and Multimedia Networks, WoWMoM 2020
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages335-340
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781728173740
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2020
Event21st IEEE International Symposium on a World of Wireless, Mobile and Multimedia Networks, WoWMoM 2020 - Virtual, Cork, Ireland
Duration: Aug 31 2020Sep 3 2020

Publication series

NameProceedings - 21st IEEE International Symposium on a World of Wireless, Mobile and Multimedia Networks, WoWMoM 2020

Conference

Conference21st IEEE International Symposium on a World of Wireless, Mobile and Multimedia Networks, WoWMoM 2020
Country/TerritoryIreland
CityVirtual, Cork
Period8/31/209/3/20

Keywords

  • n/a

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Information Systems and Management
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Media Technology
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Hardware and Architecture

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