Wildfire Ecology and Management at Grand Canyon, USA

Tree-Ring Applications in Forest Fire History and Modeling

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Wildland fire has been a key selective force through evolutionary time, influencing the development of characteristic adaptations of forest trees ranging from the serotinous cones of lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta) to the vigorous sprouting of Canary Island pine (Pinus canariensis) (Keeley and Zedler 1998). In the semi-arid southwestern United States, forest fires play complex ecological and social roles. Ecologically, the southwestern U.S. encompass forests adapted to severe, stand-replacing fires, those adapted to frequent surface fires, and forests with a mixture of fire intensities. Overlaid on this natural mosaic, however, modern industrial society has consistently sought to suppress fire (Pyne 1982). An unintended consequence of fire exclusion, however, is the accumulation of fuel horizontally across contiguous tree canopies and vertically through the crowns of small understory trees. Coupled with warming climate, more droughts, less snow, and longer fire seasons, there is little doubt that severe fires will increase (Westerling et al. 2006). For forest ecosystems not adapted to severe burning and already stressed by non-native species, human impacts, and climate change, the likelihood of substantial irreversible degradation appears high (Savage and Mast 2005; Strom and Fulé 2007). Early proponents of taking an ecological approach to fire, such as Leopold (1924) and Weaver (1951), were lonely voices in their time. Today, however, the attention of scientists and forest managers is focused on the restoring of the naturally fire-resilient characteristics of native ecosystems (Falk 2006). In order to have a chance to accomplish this goal, it is vital that we have the best possible understanding of historical forest characteristics: fire regimes, forest structure, species composition, and dynamics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAdvances in Global Change Research
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Pages365-381
Number of pages17
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2010

Publication series

NameAdvances in Global Change Research
Volume41
ISSN (Print)1574-0919
ISSN (Electronic)2215-1621

Fingerprint

fire history
forest fire
tree ring
wildfire
canyon
ecology
modeling
ecological approach
anthropogenic effect
forest ecosystem
understory
warming
snow
drought
canopy

Keywords

  • Crown Fire
  • Fire Behavior
  • Fire Regime
  • Grand Canyon
  • Severe Fire

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Global and Planetary Change
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Atmospheric Science

Cite this

Fule, P. Z. (2010). Wildfire Ecology and Management at Grand Canyon, USA: Tree-Ring Applications in Forest Fire History and Modeling. In Advances in Global Change Research (pp. 365-381). (Advances in Global Change Research; Vol. 41). Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-90-481-8736-2_34

Wildfire Ecology and Management at Grand Canyon, USA : Tree-Ring Applications in Forest Fire History and Modeling. / Fule, Peter Z.

Advances in Global Change Research. Springer International Publishing, 2010. p. 365-381 (Advances in Global Change Research; Vol. 41).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Fule, PZ 2010, Wildfire Ecology and Management at Grand Canyon, USA: Tree-Ring Applications in Forest Fire History and Modeling. in Advances in Global Change Research. Advances in Global Change Research, vol. 41, Springer International Publishing, pp. 365-381. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-90-481-8736-2_34
Fule PZ. Wildfire Ecology and Management at Grand Canyon, USA: Tree-Ring Applications in Forest Fire History and Modeling. In Advances in Global Change Research. Springer International Publishing. 2010. p. 365-381. (Advances in Global Change Research). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-90-481-8736-2_34
Fule, Peter Z. / Wildfire Ecology and Management at Grand Canyon, USA : Tree-Ring Applications in Forest Fire History and Modeling. Advances in Global Change Research. Springer International Publishing, 2010. pp. 365-381 (Advances in Global Change Research).
@inbook{3df6df7db0084f968d15e0fb20d753fe,
title = "Wildfire Ecology and Management at Grand Canyon, USA: Tree-Ring Applications in Forest Fire History and Modeling",
abstract = "Wildland fire has been a key selective force through evolutionary time, influencing the development of characteristic adaptations of forest trees ranging from the serotinous cones of lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta) to the vigorous sprouting of Canary Island pine (Pinus canariensis) (Keeley and Zedler 1998). In the semi-arid southwestern United States, forest fires play complex ecological and social roles. Ecologically, the southwestern U.S. encompass forests adapted to severe, stand-replacing fires, those adapted to frequent surface fires, and forests with a mixture of fire intensities. Overlaid on this natural mosaic, however, modern industrial society has consistently sought to suppress fire (Pyne 1982). An unintended consequence of fire exclusion, however, is the accumulation of fuel horizontally across contiguous tree canopies and vertically through the crowns of small understory trees. Coupled with warming climate, more droughts, less snow, and longer fire seasons, there is little doubt that severe fires will increase (Westerling et al. 2006). For forest ecosystems not adapted to severe burning and already stressed by non-native species, human impacts, and climate change, the likelihood of substantial irreversible degradation appears high (Savage and Mast 2005; Strom and Ful{\'e} 2007). Early proponents of taking an ecological approach to fire, such as Leopold (1924) and Weaver (1951), were lonely voices in their time. Today, however, the attention of scientists and forest managers is focused on the restoring of the naturally fire-resilient characteristics of native ecosystems (Falk 2006). In order to have a chance to accomplish this goal, it is vital that we have the best possible understanding of historical forest characteristics: fire regimes, forest structure, species composition, and dynamics.",
keywords = "Crown Fire, Fire Behavior, Fire Regime, Grand Canyon, Severe Fire",
author = "Fule, {Peter Z}",
year = "2010",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/978-90-481-8736-2_34",
language = "English (US)",
series = "Advances in Global Change Research",
publisher = "Springer International Publishing",
pages = "365--381",
booktitle = "Advances in Global Change Research",

}

TY - CHAP

T1 - Wildfire Ecology and Management at Grand Canyon, USA

T2 - Tree-Ring Applications in Forest Fire History and Modeling

AU - Fule, Peter Z

PY - 2010/1/1

Y1 - 2010/1/1

N2 - Wildland fire has been a key selective force through evolutionary time, influencing the development of characteristic adaptations of forest trees ranging from the serotinous cones of lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta) to the vigorous sprouting of Canary Island pine (Pinus canariensis) (Keeley and Zedler 1998). In the semi-arid southwestern United States, forest fires play complex ecological and social roles. Ecologically, the southwestern U.S. encompass forests adapted to severe, stand-replacing fires, those adapted to frequent surface fires, and forests with a mixture of fire intensities. Overlaid on this natural mosaic, however, modern industrial society has consistently sought to suppress fire (Pyne 1982). An unintended consequence of fire exclusion, however, is the accumulation of fuel horizontally across contiguous tree canopies and vertically through the crowns of small understory trees. Coupled with warming climate, more droughts, less snow, and longer fire seasons, there is little doubt that severe fires will increase (Westerling et al. 2006). For forest ecosystems not adapted to severe burning and already stressed by non-native species, human impacts, and climate change, the likelihood of substantial irreversible degradation appears high (Savage and Mast 2005; Strom and Fulé 2007). Early proponents of taking an ecological approach to fire, such as Leopold (1924) and Weaver (1951), were lonely voices in their time. Today, however, the attention of scientists and forest managers is focused on the restoring of the naturally fire-resilient characteristics of native ecosystems (Falk 2006). In order to have a chance to accomplish this goal, it is vital that we have the best possible understanding of historical forest characteristics: fire regimes, forest structure, species composition, and dynamics.

AB - Wildland fire has been a key selective force through evolutionary time, influencing the development of characteristic adaptations of forest trees ranging from the serotinous cones of lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta) to the vigorous sprouting of Canary Island pine (Pinus canariensis) (Keeley and Zedler 1998). In the semi-arid southwestern United States, forest fires play complex ecological and social roles. Ecologically, the southwestern U.S. encompass forests adapted to severe, stand-replacing fires, those adapted to frequent surface fires, and forests with a mixture of fire intensities. Overlaid on this natural mosaic, however, modern industrial society has consistently sought to suppress fire (Pyne 1982). An unintended consequence of fire exclusion, however, is the accumulation of fuel horizontally across contiguous tree canopies and vertically through the crowns of small understory trees. Coupled with warming climate, more droughts, less snow, and longer fire seasons, there is little doubt that severe fires will increase (Westerling et al. 2006). For forest ecosystems not adapted to severe burning and already stressed by non-native species, human impacts, and climate change, the likelihood of substantial irreversible degradation appears high (Savage and Mast 2005; Strom and Fulé 2007). Early proponents of taking an ecological approach to fire, such as Leopold (1924) and Weaver (1951), were lonely voices in their time. Today, however, the attention of scientists and forest managers is focused on the restoring of the naturally fire-resilient characteristics of native ecosystems (Falk 2006). In order to have a chance to accomplish this goal, it is vital that we have the best possible understanding of historical forest characteristics: fire regimes, forest structure, species composition, and dynamics.

KW - Crown Fire

KW - Fire Behavior

KW - Fire Regime

KW - Grand Canyon

KW - Severe Fire

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85051656586&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85051656586&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/978-90-481-8736-2_34

DO - 10.1007/978-90-481-8736-2_34

M3 - Chapter

T3 - Advances in Global Change Research

SP - 365

EP - 381

BT - Advances in Global Change Research

PB - Springer International Publishing

ER -