Whole-body intensive rehabilitation is feasible and effective in chronic stroke survivors: A retrospective data analysis

Kay Wing, James V. Lynskey, Pamela R. Bosch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Upper extremity (UE) intensive repetitive training, locomotor training, and functional strength training, delivered in isolation, promote neural plasticity and functional recovery after stroke. However, the effectiveness of a comprehensive whole-body approach combining these interventions has not been thoroughly investigated. The purpose of this retrospective data analysis was to evaluate the efficacy and feasibility of intensive, comprehensive rehabilitation for a heterogeneous population of chronic stroke survivors in a community clinic setting. Method: Whole-body intensive rehabilitation (3-6 hours/day, 4-5 days/week, ≥2 weeks) consisted of locomotor, balance, and transfer training; progressive resistive strengthening exercise; and repetitive task-specific UE practice. Outcome measures were collected from all patients participating in the program between March 2003 and January 2008 who were diagnosed with a stroke ≥12 months prior to treatment initiation (N = 35). Results: Significant improvements in function were observed as measured by the Fugl-Meyer Assessment, Wolf Motor Function Test (WMFT), Box and Block test, Berg Balance Scale, Timed Up & Co Test (TUG), and 6-minute walk test. Conclusion: Whole-body intensive rehabilitation is an effective and feasible approach to promote recovery in chronic stroke survivors with moderate to severe deficits. Further research is necessary to confirm these results in a more controlled environment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)247-255
Number of pages9
JournalTopics in Stroke Rehabilitation
Volume15
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2008

Keywords

  • Cerebrovascular accident
  • Chronic
  • Comprehensive
  • Function
  • Intensive
  • Recovery
  • Rehabilitation
  • Stroke
  • Training

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Community and Home Care
  • Clinical Neurology

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