Who gets blamed after a collective tragedy? the role of distress, identification with victims, and time

Heidi A Wayment, Steven D Barger, Woodward Tolle Lauren, Erin M. O'Mara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Belief in a just world theory (BJWT) restoration strategies were longitudinally examined after the September 11 terrorist attacks. Analyses examined the influence of terrorism-related distress, identification with victims, and the passage of time on levels of group- and individual-level blame. Initial levels of distress were associated with less blaming of the U.S. (group-level blame) but positively related to derogating victim compensation 5 months later. Psychological distancing from the victims increased individual-level blame, while prolonged identification with victims appeared to dampen this response. These results extend our understanding of BJWT by showing the importance of temporal variation in justice-restoring strategies in a dramatic real-world loss.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)481-497
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Loss and Trauma
Volume15
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2010

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September 11 Terrorist Attacks
Terrorism
Social Justice
Psychology
restoration
terrorism
Group
justice
time

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Phychiatric Mental Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Who gets blamed after a collective tragedy? the role of distress, identification with victims, and time. / Wayment, Heidi A; Barger, Steven D; Lauren, Woodward Tolle; O'Mara, Erin M.

In: Journal of Loss and Trauma, Vol. 15, No. 6, 11.2010, p. 481-497.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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