What makes community forest management successful: A meta-study from community forests throughout the world

Adcharaporn Pagdee, Yeon Su Kim, P. J. Daugherty

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

323 Scopus citations


Thirty-one articles on community forestry, encompassing 69 case studies worldwide, were reviewed for systematic data synthesis and hypothesis testing. The meta-study identifies 43 independent variables ranging from internal attributes of the community and resources to external factors. Variables with significant influence on the success of community forestry are tenure security, clear ownership, congruence between biophysical and socioeconomic boundaries of the resources, effective enforcement of rules and regulations, monitoring, sanctioning, strong leadership with capable local organization, expectation of benefits, common interests among community members, and local authority. These variables illustrate community-forest relationships, community ability to organize and continue collective activities, and protection of benefits, rights, and responsibilities in common resource management.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)33-52
Number of pages20
JournalSociety and Natural Resources
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2006



  • Common-pool resources
  • Meta-study
  • Property rights regimes
  • Worldwide community forestry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Development
  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science

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