What is an edge species? The implications of sensitivity to habitat edges

Leslie Ries, Thomas D. Sisk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

48 Scopus citations

Abstract

For decades, researchers have categorized species as "edge-loving" or "edge-avoiding", but recent studies that show inconsistencies in responses have called these labels into question and led to a sense that edge effects are idiosyncratic and difficult to understand. We suggest that species would be better categorized according to their sensitivity to edges, not the direction of observed responses because no species should be expected to show the same response to all edge types. Measures of edge sensitivity will apply widely across taxa and landscapes and allow metrics that are broadly comparable, making generalities easier to discern. Finally, while the direction of observed edge responses remains a critical (but largely understood) dynamic, most reported edge responses are neutral, so discovering when species are least likely to respond to edges will increase our understanding of edge ecology and associated fragmentation effects. We offer a case study that measures edge sensitivity of 15 butterfly species at 12 edge types. We found that sensitivity is weakly related to vulnerability to predation, but more importantly we show how our results generate new predictions about edge sensitivity that can be explored in future studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1636-1642
Number of pages7
JournalOikos
Volume119
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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