Water as source of Francisella tularensis infection in humans, Turkey

Selcuk Kilic, Dawn N. Birdsell, Alper Karagöz, Bekir Çelebi, Zekiye Bakkaloglu, Muzaffer Arikan, Jason W. Sahl, Cedar Mitchell, Andrew Rivera, Sara Maltinsky, Paul Keim, Rıza Durmaz, David M. Wagner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations


Francisella tularensis DNA extractions and isolates from the environment and humans were genetically characterized to elucidate environmental sources that cause human tularemia in Turkey. Extensive genetic diversity consistent with genotypes from human outbreaks was identified in environmental samples and confirmed water as a source of human tularemia in Turkey.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2213-2216
Number of pages4
JournalEmerging Infectious Diseases
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 1 2015


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Epidemiology

Cite this

Kilic, S., Birdsell, D. N., Karagöz, A., Çelebi, B., Bakkaloglu, Z., Arikan, M., Sahl, J. W., Mitchell, C., Rivera, A., Maltinsky, S., Keim, P., Durmaz, R., & Wagner, D. M. (2015). Water as source of Francisella tularensis infection in humans, Turkey. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 21(12), 2213-2216. https://doi.org/10.3201/eid2112.150634