Variation and Persistence in Latin American Beliefs About Evil Eye

Susan C. Weller, Roberta D. Baer, Javier Garcia de Alba Garcia, Mark Glazer, Robert T Trotter II, Ana L. Salcedo Rocha, Robert E. Klein, Lee M. Pachter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In a comparative study of evil eye (mal de ojo), we demonstrate a methodology appropriate for the study of cultural transmission of beliefs. We studied four diverse populations with historical links to Spain: Puerto Ricans in Connecticut, Mexican Americans in south Texas, Mexicans in Guadalajara, and rural Guatemalans. Using agreement on ideas or themes about evil eye within and across sites, we identify specific ideas that may have persisted through time. The relevance of specific themes was estimated with a cultural consensus analysis. Mal de ojo was widely recognized in each community and higher community prevalence was associated with higher agreement on reported causes, symptoms, and treatments. Each community exhibited a distinct model for ojo, although models were highly similar between sites. Agreement among individuals and across communities suggests a pan-regional description for mal de ojo and possible content of older versions of these beliefs in Latin America.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)174-203
Number of pages30
JournalCross-Cultural Research
Volume49
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 20 2015

Fingerprint

persistence
community
Latin America
Hispanic Americans
Spain
cause
Persistence
Evil Eye
methodology
Population
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • age–area hypothesis
  • consensus model
  • evil eye
  • Latin America/Latino
  • mal de ojo

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anthropology
  • Psychology (miscellaneous)
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Weller, S. C., Baer, R. D., de Alba Garcia, J. G., Glazer, M., Trotter II, R. T., Salcedo Rocha, A. L., ... Pachter, L. M. (2015). Variation and Persistence in Latin American Beliefs About Evil Eye. Cross-Cultural Research, 49(2), 174-203. https://doi.org/10.1177/1069397114539268

Variation and Persistence in Latin American Beliefs About Evil Eye. / Weller, Susan C.; Baer, Roberta D.; de Alba Garcia, Javier Garcia; Glazer, Mark; Trotter II, Robert T; Salcedo Rocha, Ana L.; Klein, Robert E.; Pachter, Lee M.

In: Cross-Cultural Research, Vol. 49, No. 2, 20.04.2015, p. 174-203.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Weller, SC, Baer, RD, de Alba Garcia, JG, Glazer, M, Trotter II, RT, Salcedo Rocha, AL, Klein, RE & Pachter, LM 2015, 'Variation and Persistence in Latin American Beliefs About Evil Eye', Cross-Cultural Research, vol. 49, no. 2, pp. 174-203. https://doi.org/10.1177/1069397114539268
Weller SC, Baer RD, de Alba Garcia JG, Glazer M, Trotter II RT, Salcedo Rocha AL et al. Variation and Persistence in Latin American Beliefs About Evil Eye. Cross-Cultural Research. 2015 Apr 20;49(2):174-203. https://doi.org/10.1177/1069397114539268
Weller, Susan C. ; Baer, Roberta D. ; de Alba Garcia, Javier Garcia ; Glazer, Mark ; Trotter II, Robert T ; Salcedo Rocha, Ana L. ; Klein, Robert E. ; Pachter, Lee M. / Variation and Persistence in Latin American Beliefs About Evil Eye. In: Cross-Cultural Research. 2015 ; Vol. 49, No. 2. pp. 174-203.
@article{8062bd5084664a45b74a009f7690c5a6,
title = "Variation and Persistence in Latin American Beliefs About Evil Eye",
abstract = "In a comparative study of evil eye (mal de ojo), we demonstrate a methodology appropriate for the study of cultural transmission of beliefs. We studied four diverse populations with historical links to Spain: Puerto Ricans in Connecticut, Mexican Americans in south Texas, Mexicans in Guadalajara, and rural Guatemalans. Using agreement on ideas or themes about evil eye within and across sites, we identify specific ideas that may have persisted through time. The relevance of specific themes was estimated with a cultural consensus analysis. Mal de ojo was widely recognized in each community and higher community prevalence was associated with higher agreement on reported causes, symptoms, and treatments. Each community exhibited a distinct model for ojo, although models were highly similar between sites. Agreement among individuals and across communities suggests a pan-regional description for mal de ojo and possible content of older versions of these beliefs in Latin America.",
keywords = "age–area hypothesis, consensus model, evil eye, Latin America/Latino, mal de ojo",
author = "Weller, {Susan C.} and Baer, {Roberta D.} and {de Alba Garcia}, {Javier Garcia} and Mark Glazer and {Trotter II}, {Robert T} and {Salcedo Rocha}, {Ana L.} and Klein, {Robert E.} and Pachter, {Lee M.}",
year = "2015",
month = "4",
day = "20",
doi = "10.1177/1069397114539268",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "49",
pages = "174--203",
journal = "Cross-Cultural Research",
issn = "1069-3971",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Variation and Persistence in Latin American Beliefs About Evil Eye

AU - Weller, Susan C.

AU - Baer, Roberta D.

AU - de Alba Garcia, Javier Garcia

AU - Glazer, Mark

AU - Trotter II, Robert T

AU - Salcedo Rocha, Ana L.

AU - Klein, Robert E.

AU - Pachter, Lee M.

PY - 2015/4/20

Y1 - 2015/4/20

N2 - In a comparative study of evil eye (mal de ojo), we demonstrate a methodology appropriate for the study of cultural transmission of beliefs. We studied four diverse populations with historical links to Spain: Puerto Ricans in Connecticut, Mexican Americans in south Texas, Mexicans in Guadalajara, and rural Guatemalans. Using agreement on ideas or themes about evil eye within and across sites, we identify specific ideas that may have persisted through time. The relevance of specific themes was estimated with a cultural consensus analysis. Mal de ojo was widely recognized in each community and higher community prevalence was associated with higher agreement on reported causes, symptoms, and treatments. Each community exhibited a distinct model for ojo, although models were highly similar between sites. Agreement among individuals and across communities suggests a pan-regional description for mal de ojo and possible content of older versions of these beliefs in Latin America.

AB - In a comparative study of evil eye (mal de ojo), we demonstrate a methodology appropriate for the study of cultural transmission of beliefs. We studied four diverse populations with historical links to Spain: Puerto Ricans in Connecticut, Mexican Americans in south Texas, Mexicans in Guadalajara, and rural Guatemalans. Using agreement on ideas or themes about evil eye within and across sites, we identify specific ideas that may have persisted through time. The relevance of specific themes was estimated with a cultural consensus analysis. Mal de ojo was widely recognized in each community and higher community prevalence was associated with higher agreement on reported causes, symptoms, and treatments. Each community exhibited a distinct model for ojo, although models were highly similar between sites. Agreement among individuals and across communities suggests a pan-regional description for mal de ojo and possible content of older versions of these beliefs in Latin America.

KW - age–area hypothesis

KW - consensus model

KW - evil eye

KW - Latin America/Latino

KW - mal de ojo

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84925010172&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84925010172&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/1069397114539268

DO - 10.1177/1069397114539268

M3 - Article

VL - 49

SP - 174

EP - 203

JO - Cross-Cultural Research

JF - Cross-Cultural Research

SN - 1069-3971

IS - 2

ER -