U.S. national parks accessibility and visitation

Xing ju Shen, Rui hong Huang, Jin shan Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Accessibility is a factor affecting national park visitation. However, the effect of accessibility on national park visitation is not fully understood. This paper examines the relationship between U.S. national park visitation and accessibility. First, the global and local accessibility indexes of each park unit are computed based on an accessibility model that takes into account the surrounding population and its proximity to the park unit. Integrated in the model is a distance decay coefficient that is derived from U.S. national park visitor surveys and therefore pertinent to the case of study. Then correlation analysis is performed between park visitation and accessibility based on park types, regions, and visitation types. Results show that total visitation is positively related to accessibility in National Memorials, Military Parks and Battlefield Parks/Sites but negatively related to accessibility in national parks and national monuments. However, recreational overnight stay visits are commonly negatively correlated to accessibility for almost all park types. Moreover, local accessibility index displays enhanced correlation coefficients with improved significance levels in many categories of analysis. Results suggest that historical/cultural national parks which often show positive correlations tend to attract more local visitors, but nature-based parks which mainly show negative correlations tend to attract more distant visitors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2894-2906
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Mountain Science
Volume16
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2019

Fingerprint

national park
accessibility
memorial
monument
Military

Keywords

  • Accessibility
  • Distance decay
  • GIS
  • U.S. National Park
  • Visitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Global and Planetary Change
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Geology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Nature and Landscape Conservation

Cite this

U.S. national parks accessibility and visitation. / Shen, Xing ju; Huang, Rui hong; Zhang, Jin shan.

In: Journal of Mountain Science, Vol. 16, No. 12, 01.12.2019, p. 2894-2906.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Shen, Xing ju ; Huang, Rui hong ; Zhang, Jin shan. / U.S. national parks accessibility and visitation. In: Journal of Mountain Science. 2019 ; Vol. 16, No. 12. pp. 2894-2906.
@article{a63e84b8d92a4b5b9b50c81efbc4c24c,
title = "U.S. national parks accessibility and visitation",
abstract = "Accessibility is a factor affecting national park visitation. However, the effect of accessibility on national park visitation is not fully understood. This paper examines the relationship between U.S. national park visitation and accessibility. First, the global and local accessibility indexes of each park unit are computed based on an accessibility model that takes into account the surrounding population and its proximity to the park unit. Integrated in the model is a distance decay coefficient that is derived from U.S. national park visitor surveys and therefore pertinent to the case of study. Then correlation analysis is performed between park visitation and accessibility based on park types, regions, and visitation types. Results show that total visitation is positively related to accessibility in National Memorials, Military Parks and Battlefield Parks/Sites but negatively related to accessibility in national parks and national monuments. However, recreational overnight stay visits are commonly negatively correlated to accessibility for almost all park types. Moreover, local accessibility index displays enhanced correlation coefficients with improved significance levels in many categories of analysis. Results suggest that historical/cultural national parks which often show positive correlations tend to attract more local visitors, but nature-based parks which mainly show negative correlations tend to attract more distant visitors.",
keywords = "Accessibility, Distance decay, GIS, U.S. National Park, Visitation",
author = "Shen, {Xing ju} and Huang, {Rui hong} and Zhang, {Jin shan}",
year = "2019",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s11629-019-5379-x",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "16",
pages = "2894--2906",
journal = "Journal of Mountain Science",
issn = "1672-6316",
publisher = "Science Press",
number = "12",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - U.S. national parks accessibility and visitation

AU - Shen, Xing ju

AU - Huang, Rui hong

AU - Zhang, Jin shan

PY - 2019/12/1

Y1 - 2019/12/1

N2 - Accessibility is a factor affecting national park visitation. However, the effect of accessibility on national park visitation is not fully understood. This paper examines the relationship between U.S. national park visitation and accessibility. First, the global and local accessibility indexes of each park unit are computed based on an accessibility model that takes into account the surrounding population and its proximity to the park unit. Integrated in the model is a distance decay coefficient that is derived from U.S. national park visitor surveys and therefore pertinent to the case of study. Then correlation analysis is performed between park visitation and accessibility based on park types, regions, and visitation types. Results show that total visitation is positively related to accessibility in National Memorials, Military Parks and Battlefield Parks/Sites but negatively related to accessibility in national parks and national monuments. However, recreational overnight stay visits are commonly negatively correlated to accessibility for almost all park types. Moreover, local accessibility index displays enhanced correlation coefficients with improved significance levels in many categories of analysis. Results suggest that historical/cultural national parks which often show positive correlations tend to attract more local visitors, but nature-based parks which mainly show negative correlations tend to attract more distant visitors.

AB - Accessibility is a factor affecting national park visitation. However, the effect of accessibility on national park visitation is not fully understood. This paper examines the relationship between U.S. national park visitation and accessibility. First, the global and local accessibility indexes of each park unit are computed based on an accessibility model that takes into account the surrounding population and its proximity to the park unit. Integrated in the model is a distance decay coefficient that is derived from U.S. national park visitor surveys and therefore pertinent to the case of study. Then correlation analysis is performed between park visitation and accessibility based on park types, regions, and visitation types. Results show that total visitation is positively related to accessibility in National Memorials, Military Parks and Battlefield Parks/Sites but negatively related to accessibility in national parks and national monuments. However, recreational overnight stay visits are commonly negatively correlated to accessibility for almost all park types. Moreover, local accessibility index displays enhanced correlation coefficients with improved significance levels in many categories of analysis. Results suggest that historical/cultural national parks which often show positive correlations tend to attract more local visitors, but nature-based parks which mainly show negative correlations tend to attract more distant visitors.

KW - Accessibility

KW - Distance decay

KW - GIS

KW - U.S. National Park

KW - Visitation

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85076528259&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85076528259&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s11629-019-5379-x

DO - 10.1007/s11629-019-5379-x

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85076528259

VL - 16

SP - 2894

EP - 2906

JO - Journal of Mountain Science

JF - Journal of Mountain Science

SN - 1672-6316

IS - 12

ER -