Unthinned slow-growing ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa) trees contain muted isotopic signals in tree rings as compared to thinned trees

Julia A. Sohn, J. Renée Brooks, Jürgen Bauhus, Martin Kohler, Thomas E Kolb, Nathan G. McDowell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Key message The muted wood isotopic signal in slow-growing trees of unthinned stands indicates lower responsiveness to changing environmental conditions compared to fast-growing trees in thinned stands. Abstract To examine the physiological processes associated with higher growth rates after thinning, we analyzed the oxygen isotopic values in wood (δ<sup>18</sup>O<inf>w</inf>) of 12 ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa) trees from control, moderately, and heavily thinned stands and compared them with wood-based estimates of carbon isotope discrimination (∆<sup>13</sup>C), basal area increment (BAI), and gas exchange. We found that (heavy) thinning led to shifts and increased inter-annual variability of both stable carbon and oxygen isotope ratios relative to the control throughout the first post-thinning decade. Results of a sensitivity analysis suggested that both an increase in stomatal conductance (g<inf>s</inf>) and differences in source water among treatments are equally probable causes of the δ<sup>18</sup>O<inf>w</inf> shift in heavily thinned stands. We modeled inter-annual changes in δ<sup>18</sup>O<inf>w</inf> of trees from all treatments using environmental and physiological data and found that the significant increase in δ<sup>18</sup>O<inf>w</inf> inter-annual variance was related to greater δ<sup>18</sup>O<inf>w</inf>responsiveness to changing environmental conditions for trees in thinned stands when compared to control stands. Based on model results, the more muted climatic response of wood isotopes in slow-growing control trees is likely to be the consequence of reduced carbon sink strength causing a higher degree of mixing of previously stored and fresh assimilates when compared to faster-growing trees in thinned stands. Alternatively, the muted response of δ<sup>18</sup>O<inf>w</inf> to climatic variation of trees in the control stand may result from little variation in the control stand in physiological processes (photosynthesis, transpiration) that are known to affect δ<sup>18</sup>O<inf>w</inf>.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1035-1051
Number of pages17
JournalTrees
Volume28
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 24 2014

Fingerprint

Pinus ponderosa
growth rings
tree ring
thinning (plants)
Carbon Isotopes
Physiological Phenomena
thinning
isotopes
Oxygen Isotopes
Carbon Sequestration
environmental conditions
oxygen
environmental factors
oxygen isotope ratio
carbon isotope ratio
carbon
Water Purification
carbon sink
Photosynthesis
stomatal conductance

Keywords

  • Gas exchange
  • Oxygen isotopes
  • Pinus ponderosa (ponderosa pine)
  • Sensitivity analysis
  • Thinning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Forestry
  • Plant Science
  • Physiology
  • Ecology

Cite this

Unthinned slow-growing ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa) trees contain muted isotopic signals in tree rings as compared to thinned trees. / Sohn, Julia A.; Brooks, J. Renée; Bauhus, Jürgen; Kohler, Martin; Kolb, Thomas E; McDowell, Nathan G.

In: Trees, Vol. 28, No. 4, 24.04.2014, p. 1035-1051.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sohn, Julia A. ; Brooks, J. Renée ; Bauhus, Jürgen ; Kohler, Martin ; Kolb, Thomas E ; McDowell, Nathan G. / Unthinned slow-growing ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa) trees contain muted isotopic signals in tree rings as compared to thinned trees. In: Trees. 2014 ; Vol. 28, No. 4. pp. 1035-1051.
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AU - Bauhus, Jürgen

AU - Kohler, Martin

AU - Kolb, Thomas E

AU - McDowell, Nathan G.

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AB - Key message The muted wood isotopic signal in slow-growing trees of unthinned stands indicates lower responsiveness to changing environmental conditions compared to fast-growing trees in thinned stands. Abstract To examine the physiological processes associated with higher growth rates after thinning, we analyzed the oxygen isotopic values in wood (δ18Ow) of 12 ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa) trees from control, moderately, and heavily thinned stands and compared them with wood-based estimates of carbon isotope discrimination (∆13C), basal area increment (BAI), and gas exchange. We found that (heavy) thinning led to shifts and increased inter-annual variability of both stable carbon and oxygen isotope ratios relative to the control throughout the first post-thinning decade. Results of a sensitivity analysis suggested that both an increase in stomatal conductance (gs) and differences in source water among treatments are equally probable causes of the δ18Ow shift in heavily thinned stands. We modeled inter-annual changes in δ18Ow of trees from all treatments using environmental and physiological data and found that the significant increase in δ18Ow inter-annual variance was related to greater δ18Owresponsiveness to changing environmental conditions for trees in thinned stands when compared to control stands. Based on model results, the more muted climatic response of wood isotopes in slow-growing control trees is likely to be the consequence of reduced carbon sink strength causing a higher degree of mixing of previously stored and fresh assimilates when compared to faster-growing trees in thinned stands. Alternatively, the muted response of δ18Ow to climatic variation of trees in the control stand may result from little variation in the control stand in physiological processes (photosynthesis, transpiration) that are known to affect δ18Ow.

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KW - Sensitivity analysis

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