Type 1 diabetes duration decreases pulmonary diffusing capacity during exercise

Michelle J. Lee, J. Richard Coast, Steven C. Hempleman, J. Christopher Baldi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Diabetes damages peripheral tissues; however, its effects on the lung are less known. Lung diffusing capacity (D LCO ) is influenced by alveolar-capillary membrane conductance (D M ) and pulmonary capillary blood volume (V C ), both of which are reduced in adults with type 1 diabetes (T1D). Objective: We sought to determine if diabetes duration affects D LCO , D M , V C , and cardiac output (Q). Methods: 24 T1D patients (10.7-52.8 years) and 24 non-diabetic controls were recruited and had D LCO , D M , V C , and Q measured at rest and during exercise (40, 70 and 90% VO 2 max). Results: When stratified into two groups based on age (young, <20.6 years old), there were no significant differences in D LCO , D M , V C , or Q (all of which were normalized to body surface area [BSA]) in the young group or in the old group. When stratified by diabetes duration (short duration, 0.33-8.9 years vs. long duration, 9.6-28 years), the T1D patients in the long duration group had lower D LCO /BSA and D M /BSA compared to the controls (p < 0.05). There were no differences in any of the variables in the short duration group. Conclusions: This study has shown that duration of diabetes is associated with decrements in diffusing capacity and its components.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)164-170
Number of pages7
JournalRespiration
Volume91
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2016

Keywords

  • Altitude
  • Cardiac output
  • Exercise
  • Pulmonary diffusing capacity
  • Type 1 diabetes mellitus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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