Transport of rare earth element-tagged soil particles in response to thunderstorm runoff

Gerald Matisoff, Michael E Ketterer, Christopher G. Wilson, Ricky Layman, Peter J. Whiting

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The downslope transport of rare earth element-tagged soil particles remobilized during a spring thunderstorm was studied on both a natural prairie and an agricultural field in southwestern Iowa (U.S.A.). A technique was developed for tagging natural soils with the rare earth elements Eu, Tb, and Ho to ∼1000 ppm via coprecipitation with MnO2. Tagged material was replaced in target locations; surficial soil samples were collected following precipitation and runoff; and rare earth element concentrations were determined by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Diffusion and exponential models were applied to the concentration-distance data to determine particle transport distances. The results indicate that the concentration-distance data are well described by the diffusion model, but the exponential model does not simulate the rapid drop-off in concentrations near the tagged source. Using the diffusion model, calculated particle transport distances at all hillside locations and at both the cultivated and natural prairie sites were short, ranging from 3 to 73 cm during this single runoff event. This study successfully demonstrates a new tool for studying soil erosion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3356-3362
Number of pages7
JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology
Volume35
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 15 2001

Fingerprint

Thunderstorms
thunderstorm
Rare earth elements
Runoff
rare earth element
runoff
Soils
prairie
soil
Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry
tagging
Coprecipitation
soil erosion
Erosion
mass spectrometry
plasma
particle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry

Cite this

Transport of rare earth element-tagged soil particles in response to thunderstorm runoff. / Matisoff, Gerald; Ketterer, Michael E; Wilson, Christopher G.; Layman, Ricky; Whiting, Peter J.

In: Environmental Science and Technology, Vol. 35, No. 16, 15.08.2001, p. 3356-3362.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Matisoff, Gerald ; Ketterer, Michael E ; Wilson, Christopher G. ; Layman, Ricky ; Whiting, Peter J. / Transport of rare earth element-tagged soil particles in response to thunderstorm runoff. In: Environmental Science and Technology. 2001 ; Vol. 35, No. 16. pp. 3356-3362.
@article{815cae0875674a5da692318eefe91fd7,
title = "Transport of rare earth element-tagged soil particles in response to thunderstorm runoff",
abstract = "The downslope transport of rare earth element-tagged soil particles remobilized during a spring thunderstorm was studied on both a natural prairie and an agricultural field in southwestern Iowa (U.S.A.). A technique was developed for tagging natural soils with the rare earth elements Eu, Tb, and Ho to ∼1000 ppm via coprecipitation with MnO2. Tagged material was replaced in target locations; surficial soil samples were collected following precipitation and runoff; and rare earth element concentrations were determined by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Diffusion and exponential models were applied to the concentration-distance data to determine particle transport distances. The results indicate that the concentration-distance data are well described by the diffusion model, but the exponential model does not simulate the rapid drop-off in concentrations near the tagged source. Using the diffusion model, calculated particle transport distances at all hillside locations and at both the cultivated and natural prairie sites were short, ranging from 3 to 73 cm during this single runoff event. This study successfully demonstrates a new tool for studying soil erosion.",
author = "Gerald Matisoff and Ketterer, {Michael E} and Wilson, {Christopher G.} and Ricky Layman and Whiting, {Peter J.}",
year = "2001",
month = "8",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1021/es001693m",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "35",
pages = "3356--3362",
journal = "Environmental Science & Technology",
issn = "0013-936X",
publisher = "American Chemical Society",
number = "16",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Transport of rare earth element-tagged soil particles in response to thunderstorm runoff

AU - Matisoff, Gerald

AU - Ketterer, Michael E

AU - Wilson, Christopher G.

AU - Layman, Ricky

AU - Whiting, Peter J.

PY - 2001/8/15

Y1 - 2001/8/15

N2 - The downslope transport of rare earth element-tagged soil particles remobilized during a spring thunderstorm was studied on both a natural prairie and an agricultural field in southwestern Iowa (U.S.A.). A technique was developed for tagging natural soils with the rare earth elements Eu, Tb, and Ho to ∼1000 ppm via coprecipitation with MnO2. Tagged material was replaced in target locations; surficial soil samples were collected following precipitation and runoff; and rare earth element concentrations were determined by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Diffusion and exponential models were applied to the concentration-distance data to determine particle transport distances. The results indicate that the concentration-distance data are well described by the diffusion model, but the exponential model does not simulate the rapid drop-off in concentrations near the tagged source. Using the diffusion model, calculated particle transport distances at all hillside locations and at both the cultivated and natural prairie sites were short, ranging from 3 to 73 cm during this single runoff event. This study successfully demonstrates a new tool for studying soil erosion.

AB - The downslope transport of rare earth element-tagged soil particles remobilized during a spring thunderstorm was studied on both a natural prairie and an agricultural field in southwestern Iowa (U.S.A.). A technique was developed for tagging natural soils with the rare earth elements Eu, Tb, and Ho to ∼1000 ppm via coprecipitation with MnO2. Tagged material was replaced in target locations; surficial soil samples were collected following precipitation and runoff; and rare earth element concentrations were determined by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Diffusion and exponential models were applied to the concentration-distance data to determine particle transport distances. The results indicate that the concentration-distance data are well described by the diffusion model, but the exponential model does not simulate the rapid drop-off in concentrations near the tagged source. Using the diffusion model, calculated particle transport distances at all hillside locations and at both the cultivated and natural prairie sites were short, ranging from 3 to 73 cm during this single runoff event. This study successfully demonstrates a new tool for studying soil erosion.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0035880586&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0035880586&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1021/es001693m

DO - 10.1021/es001693m

M3 - Article

VL - 35

SP - 3356

EP - 3362

JO - Environmental Science & Technology

JF - Environmental Science & Technology

SN - 0013-936X

IS - 16

ER -