The whistle and the rattle

The design of sound producing muscles

Lawrence C. Rome, Douglas A. Syme, Stephen Hollingworth, Stan L Lindstedt, Stephen M. Baylor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

178 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Vertebrate sound producing muscles often operate at frequencies exceeding 100 Hz, making them the fastest vertebrate muscles. Like other vertebrate muscle, these sonic muscles are 'synchronous,' necessitating that calcium be released and resequestered by the sarcoplasmic reticulum during each contraction cycle. Thus to operate at such high frequencies, vertebrate sonic muscles require extreme adaptations. We have found that to generate the 'boatwhistle' mating call (≃200 Hz), the swimbladder muscle fibers of toadfish have evolved (i) a large and very fast calcium transient, (ii) a fast crossbridge detachment rate, and (iii) probably a fast kinetic off-rate of Ca2+ from troponin. The fibers of the shaker muscle of rattlesnakes have independently evolved similar traits, permitting tail rattling at ≃90 Hz.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8095-8100
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume93
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 23 1996

Fingerprint

Muscles
Vertebrates
Batrachoidiformes
Air Sacs
Crotalus
Calcium
Troponin
Sarcoplasmic Reticulum
Tail

Keywords

  • calcium
  • muscle mechanics
  • rattlesnake
  • swimbladder
  • toadfish
  • transients

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • General

Cite this

The whistle and the rattle : The design of sound producing muscles. / Rome, Lawrence C.; Syme, Douglas A.; Hollingworth, Stephen; Lindstedt, Stan L; Baylor, Stephen M.

In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Vol. 93, No. 15, 23.07.1996, p. 8095-8100.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rome, Lawrence C. ; Syme, Douglas A. ; Hollingworth, Stephen ; Lindstedt, Stan L ; Baylor, Stephen M. / The whistle and the rattle : The design of sound producing muscles. In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 1996 ; Vol. 93, No. 15. pp. 8095-8100.
@article{b365556c33b0480493b4703c71ba28eb,
title = "The whistle and the rattle: The design of sound producing muscles",
abstract = "Vertebrate sound producing muscles often operate at frequencies exceeding 100 Hz, making them the fastest vertebrate muscles. Like other vertebrate muscle, these sonic muscles are 'synchronous,' necessitating that calcium be released and resequestered by the sarcoplasmic reticulum during each contraction cycle. Thus to operate at such high frequencies, vertebrate sonic muscles require extreme adaptations. We have found that to generate the 'boatwhistle' mating call (≃200 Hz), the swimbladder muscle fibers of toadfish have evolved (i) a large and very fast calcium transient, (ii) a fast crossbridge detachment rate, and (iii) probably a fast kinetic off-rate of Ca2+ from troponin. The fibers of the shaker muscle of rattlesnakes have independently evolved similar traits, permitting tail rattling at ≃90 Hz.",
keywords = "calcium, muscle mechanics, rattlesnake, swimbladder, toadfish, transients",
author = "Rome, {Lawrence C.} and Syme, {Douglas A.} and Stephen Hollingworth and Lindstedt, {Stan L} and Baylor, {Stephen M.}",
year = "1996",
month = "7",
day = "23",
doi = "10.1073/pnas.93.15.8095",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "93",
pages = "8095--8100",
journal = "Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America",
issn = "0027-8424",
number = "15",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The whistle and the rattle

T2 - The design of sound producing muscles

AU - Rome, Lawrence C.

AU - Syme, Douglas A.

AU - Hollingworth, Stephen

AU - Lindstedt, Stan L

AU - Baylor, Stephen M.

PY - 1996/7/23

Y1 - 1996/7/23

N2 - Vertebrate sound producing muscles often operate at frequencies exceeding 100 Hz, making them the fastest vertebrate muscles. Like other vertebrate muscle, these sonic muscles are 'synchronous,' necessitating that calcium be released and resequestered by the sarcoplasmic reticulum during each contraction cycle. Thus to operate at such high frequencies, vertebrate sonic muscles require extreme adaptations. We have found that to generate the 'boatwhistle' mating call (≃200 Hz), the swimbladder muscle fibers of toadfish have evolved (i) a large and very fast calcium transient, (ii) a fast crossbridge detachment rate, and (iii) probably a fast kinetic off-rate of Ca2+ from troponin. The fibers of the shaker muscle of rattlesnakes have independently evolved similar traits, permitting tail rattling at ≃90 Hz.

AB - Vertebrate sound producing muscles often operate at frequencies exceeding 100 Hz, making them the fastest vertebrate muscles. Like other vertebrate muscle, these sonic muscles are 'synchronous,' necessitating that calcium be released and resequestered by the sarcoplasmic reticulum during each contraction cycle. Thus to operate at such high frequencies, vertebrate sonic muscles require extreme adaptations. We have found that to generate the 'boatwhistle' mating call (≃200 Hz), the swimbladder muscle fibers of toadfish have evolved (i) a large and very fast calcium transient, (ii) a fast crossbridge detachment rate, and (iii) probably a fast kinetic off-rate of Ca2+ from troponin. The fibers of the shaker muscle of rattlesnakes have independently evolved similar traits, permitting tail rattling at ≃90 Hz.

KW - calcium

KW - muscle mechanics

KW - rattlesnake

KW - swimbladder

KW - toadfish

KW - transients

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0029819324&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0029819324&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1073/pnas.93.15.8095

DO - 10.1073/pnas.93.15.8095

M3 - Article

VL - 93

SP - 8095

EP - 8100

JO - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

JF - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

SN - 0027-8424

IS - 15

ER -