The Tohono O'odham, wage labor, and resistant adaptation, 1900-1930

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21 Scopus citations


Between 1900 and 1930, federal reclamation, industrialization, and recruitment by the Bureau of Indian Affairs drove thousands of Tohono O'odham to take up wage work. The Tohono O'odham, however, challenged the blueprint drawn up by federal agencies for their "assimilation" by actively shaping their integration into the regional political economy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)469-489
Number of pages21
JournalWestern Historical Quarterly
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2003


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • History

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