The Spitzer c2d survey of large, nearby, interstellar clouds. VII. Ophiuchus observed with MIPS

Deborah L. Padgett, Luisa M. Rebull, Karl R. Stapelfeldt, Nicholas L. Chapman, Shih Ping Lai, Lee G. Mundy, Neal J. Evans, Timothy Y. Brooke, Lucas A. Cieza, William J. Spiesman, Alberto Noriega-Crespo, Caer Eve McCabe, Lori E. Allen, Geoffrey A. Blake, Paul M. Harvey, Tracy L. Huard, Jes K. Jørgensen, David W Koerner, Philip C. Myers, Annelia I. SargentPeter Teuben, Ewine F. Van Dishoeck, Zahed Wahhaj, Kaisa E. Young

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

70 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present maps of 14.4 deg2 of the Ophiuchus dark clouds observed by the Spitzer Space Telescope Multiband Imaging Photometer for Spitzer (MIPS). These high-quality maps depict both numerous point sources and extended dust emission within the star-forming and non-star-forming portions of these clouds. Using PSF-fitting photometry, we detect 5779 sources at 24 μm and 81 sources at 70 μm at the 10 σ level of significance. Three hundred twenty-three candidate young stellar objects (YSOs) were identified according to their positions on the MIPS/2MASS K versus K - [24] color-magnitude diagrams, as compared to 24 μm detections in the SWIRE extragalactic survey. We find that more than half of the YSO candidates, and almost all those with protostellar Class I spectral energy distributions, are confined to the known cluster and aggregates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1013-1037
Number of pages25
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume672
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 10 2008

Fingerprint

photometer
photometers
Space Infrared Telescope Facility
color-magnitude diagram
spectral energy distribution
point sources
point source
photometry
dust
diagram
stars
energy
young
detection
distribution

Keywords

  • Infrared: stars
  • ISM: clouds
  • Stars: formation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Padgett, D. L., Rebull, L. M., Stapelfeldt, K. R., Chapman, N. L., Lai, S. P., Mundy, L. G., ... Young, K. E. (2008). The Spitzer c2d survey of large, nearby, interstellar clouds. VII. Ophiuchus observed with MIPS. Astrophysical Journal, 672(2), 1013-1037. https://doi.org/10.1086/523883

The Spitzer c2d survey of large, nearby, interstellar clouds. VII. Ophiuchus observed with MIPS. / Padgett, Deborah L.; Rebull, Luisa M.; Stapelfeldt, Karl R.; Chapman, Nicholas L.; Lai, Shih Ping; Mundy, Lee G.; Evans, Neal J.; Brooke, Timothy Y.; Cieza, Lucas A.; Spiesman, William J.; Noriega-Crespo, Alberto; McCabe, Caer Eve; Allen, Lori E.; Blake, Geoffrey A.; Harvey, Paul M.; Huard, Tracy L.; Jørgensen, Jes K.; Koerner, David W; Myers, Philip C.; Sargent, Annelia I.; Teuben, Peter; Van Dishoeck, Ewine F.; Wahhaj, Zahed; Young, Kaisa E.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 672, No. 2, 10.01.2008, p. 1013-1037.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Padgett, DL, Rebull, LM, Stapelfeldt, KR, Chapman, NL, Lai, SP, Mundy, LG, Evans, NJ, Brooke, TY, Cieza, LA, Spiesman, WJ, Noriega-Crespo, A, McCabe, CE, Allen, LE, Blake, GA, Harvey, PM, Huard, TL, Jørgensen, JK, Koerner, DW, Myers, PC, Sargent, AI, Teuben, P, Van Dishoeck, EF, Wahhaj, Z & Young, KE 2008, 'The Spitzer c2d survey of large, nearby, interstellar clouds. VII. Ophiuchus observed with MIPS', Astrophysical Journal, vol. 672, no. 2, pp. 1013-1037. https://doi.org/10.1086/523883
Padgett DL, Rebull LM, Stapelfeldt KR, Chapman NL, Lai SP, Mundy LG et al. The Spitzer c2d survey of large, nearby, interstellar clouds. VII. Ophiuchus observed with MIPS. Astrophysical Journal. 2008 Jan 10;672(2):1013-1037. https://doi.org/10.1086/523883
Padgett, Deborah L. ; Rebull, Luisa M. ; Stapelfeldt, Karl R. ; Chapman, Nicholas L. ; Lai, Shih Ping ; Mundy, Lee G. ; Evans, Neal J. ; Brooke, Timothy Y. ; Cieza, Lucas A. ; Spiesman, William J. ; Noriega-Crespo, Alberto ; McCabe, Caer Eve ; Allen, Lori E. ; Blake, Geoffrey A. ; Harvey, Paul M. ; Huard, Tracy L. ; Jørgensen, Jes K. ; Koerner, David W ; Myers, Philip C. ; Sargent, Annelia I. ; Teuben, Peter ; Van Dishoeck, Ewine F. ; Wahhaj, Zahed ; Young, Kaisa E. / The Spitzer c2d survey of large, nearby, interstellar clouds. VII. Ophiuchus observed with MIPS. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2008 ; Vol. 672, No. 2. pp. 1013-1037.
@article{9f33012bcafe40a4bf9df5047451ad05,
title = "The Spitzer c2d survey of large, nearby, interstellar clouds. VII. Ophiuchus observed with MIPS",
abstract = "We present maps of 14.4 deg2 of the Ophiuchus dark clouds observed by the Spitzer Space Telescope Multiband Imaging Photometer for Spitzer (MIPS). These high-quality maps depict both numerous point sources and extended dust emission within the star-forming and non-star-forming portions of these clouds. Using PSF-fitting photometry, we detect 5779 sources at 24 μm and 81 sources at 70 μm at the 10 σ level of significance. Three hundred twenty-three candidate young stellar objects (YSOs) were identified according to their positions on the MIPS/2MASS K versus K - [24] color-magnitude diagrams, as compared to 24 μm detections in the SWIRE extragalactic survey. We find that more than half of the YSO candidates, and almost all those with protostellar Class I spectral energy distributions, are confined to the known cluster and aggregates.",
keywords = "Infrared: stars, ISM: clouds, Stars: formation",
author = "Padgett, {Deborah L.} and Rebull, {Luisa M.} and Stapelfeldt, {Karl R.} and Chapman, {Nicholas L.} and Lai, {Shih Ping} and Mundy, {Lee G.} and Evans, {Neal J.} and Brooke, {Timothy Y.} and Cieza, {Lucas A.} and Spiesman, {William J.} and Alberto Noriega-Crespo and McCabe, {Caer Eve} and Allen, {Lori E.} and Blake, {Geoffrey A.} and Harvey, {Paul M.} and Huard, {Tracy L.} and J{\o}rgensen, {Jes K.} and Koerner, {David W} and Myers, {Philip C.} and Sargent, {Annelia I.} and Peter Teuben and {Van Dishoeck}, {Ewine F.} and Zahed Wahhaj and Young, {Kaisa E.}",
year = "2008",
month = "1",
day = "10",
doi = "10.1086/523883",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "672",
pages = "1013--1037",
journal = "Astrophysical Journal",
issn = "0004-637X",
publisher = "IOP Publishing Ltd.",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The Spitzer c2d survey of large, nearby, interstellar clouds. VII. Ophiuchus observed with MIPS

AU - Padgett, Deborah L.

AU - Rebull, Luisa M.

AU - Stapelfeldt, Karl R.

AU - Chapman, Nicholas L.

AU - Lai, Shih Ping

AU - Mundy, Lee G.

AU - Evans, Neal J.

AU - Brooke, Timothy Y.

AU - Cieza, Lucas A.

AU - Spiesman, William J.

AU - Noriega-Crespo, Alberto

AU - McCabe, Caer Eve

AU - Allen, Lori E.

AU - Blake, Geoffrey A.

AU - Harvey, Paul M.

AU - Huard, Tracy L.

AU - Jørgensen, Jes K.

AU - Koerner, David W

AU - Myers, Philip C.

AU - Sargent, Annelia I.

AU - Teuben, Peter

AU - Van Dishoeck, Ewine F.

AU - Wahhaj, Zahed

AU - Young, Kaisa E.

PY - 2008/1/10

Y1 - 2008/1/10

N2 - We present maps of 14.4 deg2 of the Ophiuchus dark clouds observed by the Spitzer Space Telescope Multiband Imaging Photometer for Spitzer (MIPS). These high-quality maps depict both numerous point sources and extended dust emission within the star-forming and non-star-forming portions of these clouds. Using PSF-fitting photometry, we detect 5779 sources at 24 μm and 81 sources at 70 μm at the 10 σ level of significance. Three hundred twenty-three candidate young stellar objects (YSOs) were identified according to their positions on the MIPS/2MASS K versus K - [24] color-magnitude diagrams, as compared to 24 μm detections in the SWIRE extragalactic survey. We find that more than half of the YSO candidates, and almost all those with protostellar Class I spectral energy distributions, are confined to the known cluster and aggregates.

AB - We present maps of 14.4 deg2 of the Ophiuchus dark clouds observed by the Spitzer Space Telescope Multiband Imaging Photometer for Spitzer (MIPS). These high-quality maps depict both numerous point sources and extended dust emission within the star-forming and non-star-forming portions of these clouds. Using PSF-fitting photometry, we detect 5779 sources at 24 μm and 81 sources at 70 μm at the 10 σ level of significance. Three hundred twenty-three candidate young stellar objects (YSOs) were identified according to their positions on the MIPS/2MASS K versus K - [24] color-magnitude diagrams, as compared to 24 μm detections in the SWIRE extragalactic survey. We find that more than half of the YSO candidates, and almost all those with protostellar Class I spectral energy distributions, are confined to the known cluster and aggregates.

KW - Infrared: stars

KW - ISM: clouds

KW - Stars: formation

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=40249084101&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=40249084101&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1086/523883

DO - 10.1086/523883

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:40249084101

VL - 672

SP - 1013

EP - 1037

JO - Astrophysical Journal

JF - Astrophysical Journal

SN - 0004-637X

IS - 2

ER -