The impacts of mid-level alcohol content in gasoline on SIDI engine-out and tailpipe emissions

Xin He, John C. Ireland, Bradley T. Zigler, Matthew A. Ratcliff, Keith E. Knoll, Teresa L. Alleman, Jon H. Luecke, John Tester

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The influences of ethanol and iso-butanol on gasoline engine performance, engine-out and tailpipe emissions were studied using a General Motors (GM) 2.0L turbocharged gasoline spark ignition direct injection (SIDI) engine. U.S. federal certification gasoline (E0), two ethanol-blended fuels (E10 and E20), and 11.7% iso-butanol blended fuels were tested. Fourier-Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy was used to measure non-regulated species including methane, ethylene, acetylene, formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, isobutylene, 1,3-butadiene, n-pentane, and iso-octane. A Fast Mobility Particle Sizer (FMPS) spectrometer was used to measure the particle number (PN) size distribution in the range from 5.6 to 560 nm. The regulated emissions total hydrocarbon (THC), carbon monoxide (CO), and oxides of nitrogen (NOx) were also measured. Both engine-out and tailpipe emissions results are presented as functions of alcohol content. In general, the alcohols tested reduced total PN emissions, with iso-butanol demonstrating the greatest reduction. Increasing ethanol content and iso-butanol increased formaldehyde emissions, with iso-butanol exhibiting the highest increase. Iso-butanol increased iso-butylene emission; however, it reduced emissions of 1,3-butadiene. Within the context of this study, the alcohols did not significantly change the other regulated emissions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers, Internal Combustion Engine Division (Publication) ICE
Pages189-201
Number of pages13
DOIs
StatePublished - 2010
EventASME 2010 Internal Combustion Engine Division Fall Technical Conference, ICEF2010 - San Antonio, TX, United States
Duration: Sep 12 2010Sep 15 2010

Other

OtherASME 2010 Internal Combustion Engine Division Fall Technical Conference, ICEF2010
CountryUnited States
CitySan Antonio, TX
Period9/12/109/15/10

Fingerprint

Direct injection
Butenes
Electric sparks
Gasoline
Ignition
Alcohols
Engines
Butadiene
Formaldehyde
Ethanol
Particle spectrometers
Ethanol fuels
Acetaldehyde
Acetylene
Carbon monoxide
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy
Ethylene
Methane
Hydrocarbons
Nitrogen

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Automotive Engineering

Cite this

He, X., Ireland, J. C., Zigler, B. T., Ratcliff, M. A., Knoll, K. E., Alleman, T. L., ... Tester, J. (2010). The impacts of mid-level alcohol content in gasoline on SIDI engine-out and tailpipe emissions. In American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Internal Combustion Engine Division (Publication) ICE (pp. 189-201) https://doi.org/10.1115/ICEF2010-35106

The impacts of mid-level alcohol content in gasoline on SIDI engine-out and tailpipe emissions. / He, Xin; Ireland, John C.; Zigler, Bradley T.; Ratcliff, Matthew A.; Knoll, Keith E.; Alleman, Teresa L.; Luecke, Jon H.; Tester, John.

American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Internal Combustion Engine Division (Publication) ICE. 2010. p. 189-201.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

He, X, Ireland, JC, Zigler, BT, Ratcliff, MA, Knoll, KE, Alleman, TL, Luecke, JH & Tester, J 2010, The impacts of mid-level alcohol content in gasoline on SIDI engine-out and tailpipe emissions. in American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Internal Combustion Engine Division (Publication) ICE. pp. 189-201, ASME 2010 Internal Combustion Engine Division Fall Technical Conference, ICEF2010, San Antonio, TX, United States, 9/12/10. https://doi.org/10.1115/ICEF2010-35106
He X, Ireland JC, Zigler BT, Ratcliff MA, Knoll KE, Alleman TL et al. The impacts of mid-level alcohol content in gasoline on SIDI engine-out and tailpipe emissions. In American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Internal Combustion Engine Division (Publication) ICE. 2010. p. 189-201 https://doi.org/10.1115/ICEF2010-35106
He, Xin ; Ireland, John C. ; Zigler, Bradley T. ; Ratcliff, Matthew A. ; Knoll, Keith E. ; Alleman, Teresa L. ; Luecke, Jon H. ; Tester, John. / The impacts of mid-level alcohol content in gasoline on SIDI engine-out and tailpipe emissions. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Internal Combustion Engine Division (Publication) ICE. 2010. pp. 189-201
@inproceedings{70dcf9b6b34043759ee26e7ae8c03db4,
title = "The impacts of mid-level alcohol content in gasoline on SIDI engine-out and tailpipe emissions",
abstract = "The influences of ethanol and iso-butanol on gasoline engine performance, engine-out and tailpipe emissions were studied using a General Motors (GM) 2.0L turbocharged gasoline spark ignition direct injection (SIDI) engine. U.S. federal certification gasoline (E0), two ethanol-blended fuels (E10 and E20), and 11.7{\%} iso-butanol blended fuels were tested. Fourier-Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy was used to measure non-regulated species including methane, ethylene, acetylene, formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, isobutylene, 1,3-butadiene, n-pentane, and iso-octane. A Fast Mobility Particle Sizer (FMPS) spectrometer was used to measure the particle number (PN) size distribution in the range from 5.6 to 560 nm. The regulated emissions total hydrocarbon (THC), carbon monoxide (CO), and oxides of nitrogen (NOx) were also measured. Both engine-out and tailpipe emissions results are presented as functions of alcohol content. In general, the alcohols tested reduced total PN emissions, with iso-butanol demonstrating the greatest reduction. Increasing ethanol content and iso-butanol increased formaldehyde emissions, with iso-butanol exhibiting the highest increase. Iso-butanol increased iso-butylene emission; however, it reduced emissions of 1,3-butadiene. Within the context of this study, the alcohols did not significantly change the other regulated emissions.",
author = "Xin He and Ireland, {John C.} and Zigler, {Bradley T.} and Ratcliff, {Matthew A.} and Knoll, {Keith E.} and Alleman, {Teresa L.} and Luecke, {Jon H.} and John Tester",
year = "2010",
doi = "10.1115/ICEF2010-35106",
language = "English (US)",
isbn = "9780791849446",
pages = "189--201",
booktitle = "American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Internal Combustion Engine Division (Publication) ICE",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - The impacts of mid-level alcohol content in gasoline on SIDI engine-out and tailpipe emissions

AU - He, Xin

AU - Ireland, John C.

AU - Zigler, Bradley T.

AU - Ratcliff, Matthew A.

AU - Knoll, Keith E.

AU - Alleman, Teresa L.

AU - Luecke, Jon H.

AU - Tester, John

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - The influences of ethanol and iso-butanol on gasoline engine performance, engine-out and tailpipe emissions were studied using a General Motors (GM) 2.0L turbocharged gasoline spark ignition direct injection (SIDI) engine. U.S. federal certification gasoline (E0), two ethanol-blended fuels (E10 and E20), and 11.7% iso-butanol blended fuels were tested. Fourier-Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy was used to measure non-regulated species including methane, ethylene, acetylene, formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, isobutylene, 1,3-butadiene, n-pentane, and iso-octane. A Fast Mobility Particle Sizer (FMPS) spectrometer was used to measure the particle number (PN) size distribution in the range from 5.6 to 560 nm. The regulated emissions total hydrocarbon (THC), carbon monoxide (CO), and oxides of nitrogen (NOx) were also measured. Both engine-out and tailpipe emissions results are presented as functions of alcohol content. In general, the alcohols tested reduced total PN emissions, with iso-butanol demonstrating the greatest reduction. Increasing ethanol content and iso-butanol increased formaldehyde emissions, with iso-butanol exhibiting the highest increase. Iso-butanol increased iso-butylene emission; however, it reduced emissions of 1,3-butadiene. Within the context of this study, the alcohols did not significantly change the other regulated emissions.

AB - The influences of ethanol and iso-butanol on gasoline engine performance, engine-out and tailpipe emissions were studied using a General Motors (GM) 2.0L turbocharged gasoline spark ignition direct injection (SIDI) engine. U.S. federal certification gasoline (E0), two ethanol-blended fuels (E10 and E20), and 11.7% iso-butanol blended fuels were tested. Fourier-Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy was used to measure non-regulated species including methane, ethylene, acetylene, formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, isobutylene, 1,3-butadiene, n-pentane, and iso-octane. A Fast Mobility Particle Sizer (FMPS) spectrometer was used to measure the particle number (PN) size distribution in the range from 5.6 to 560 nm. The regulated emissions total hydrocarbon (THC), carbon monoxide (CO), and oxides of nitrogen (NOx) were also measured. Both engine-out and tailpipe emissions results are presented as functions of alcohol content. In general, the alcohols tested reduced total PN emissions, with iso-butanol demonstrating the greatest reduction. Increasing ethanol content and iso-butanol increased formaldehyde emissions, with iso-butanol exhibiting the highest increase. Iso-butanol increased iso-butylene emission; however, it reduced emissions of 1,3-butadiene. Within the context of this study, the alcohols did not significantly change the other regulated emissions.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=80054791535&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=80054791535&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1115/ICEF2010-35106

DO - 10.1115/ICEF2010-35106

M3 - Conference contribution

SN - 9780791849446

SP - 189

EP - 201

BT - American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Internal Combustion Engine Division (Publication) ICE

ER -