The impact of deployment length and experience on the well-being of male and female soldiers

Amy B. Adler, Ann H Huffman, Paul D. Bliese, Carl Andrew Castro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

99 Scopus citations


This study examined the effects of stressor duration (deployment length) and stressor novelty (no prior deployment experience) on the psychological health of male and female military personnel returning from a peacekeeping deployment. The sample consisted of men (n = 2.114) and women (n = 1.225) surveyed for symptoms of depression and posttraumatic stress. The results confirmed the hypotheses. Longer deployments and 1st-time deployments were associated with an increase in distress scores. However, the relationship between deployment length and increased distress was found only for male soldiers. The findings demonstrate the importance of considering the impact of exposure to long-term occupational stressors and confirm, in part, previous research that has demonstrated a different stress response pattern for men and women.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)121-137
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Occupational Health Psychology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2005
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Professions(all)
  • Psychology(all)

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