The FLUXCOM ensemble of global land-atmosphere energy fluxes

Martin Jung, Sujan Koirala, Ulrich Weber, Kazuhito Ichii, Fabian Gans, Gustau Camps-Valls, Dario Papale, Christopher R Schwalm, Gianluca Tramontana, Markus Reichstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Although a key driver of Earth's climate system, global land-atmosphere energy fluxes are poorly constrained. Here we use machine learning to merge energy flux measurements from FLUXNET eddy covariance towers with remote sensing and meteorological data to estimate global gridded net radiation, latent and sensible heat and their uncertainties. The resulting FLUXCOM database comprises 147 products in two setups: (1) 0.0833° resolution using MODIS remote sensing data (RS) and (2) 0.5° resolution using remote sensing and meteorological data (RS + METEO). Within each setup we use a full factorial design across machine learning methods, forcing datasets and energy balance closure corrections. For RS and RS + METEO setups respectively, we estimate 2001-2013 global (±1 s.d.) net radiation as 75.49 ± 1.39 W m-2 and 77.52 ± 2.43 W m-2, sensible heat as 32.39 ± 4.17 W m-2 and 35.58 ± 4.75 W m-2, and latent heat flux as 39.14 ± 6.60 W m-2 and 39.49 ± 4.51 W m-2 (as evapotranspiration, 75.6 ± 9.8 × 103 km3 yr-1 and 76 ± 6.8 × 103 km3 yr-1). FLUXCOM products are suitable to quantify global land-atmosphere interactions and benchmark land surface model simulations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Number of pages1
JournalScientific data
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - May 27 2019
Externally publishedYes

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Remote Sensing
Atmosphere
Remote sensing
Ensemble
Fluxes
energy
Energy
heat
Learning systems
Machine Learning
Heat
Radiation
Evapotranspiration
MODIS
Factorial Design
Energy Balance
Latent heat
learning method
Energy balance
Heat Flux

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistics and Probability
  • Information Systems
  • Education
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty
  • Library and Information Sciences

Cite this

Jung, M., Koirala, S., Weber, U., Ichii, K., Gans, F., Camps-Valls, G., ... Reichstein, M. (2019). The FLUXCOM ensemble of global land-atmosphere energy fluxes. Scientific data, 6(1). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-019-0076-8

The FLUXCOM ensemble of global land-atmosphere energy fluxes. / Jung, Martin; Koirala, Sujan; Weber, Ulrich; Ichii, Kazuhito; Gans, Fabian; Camps-Valls, Gustau; Papale, Dario; Schwalm, Christopher R; Tramontana, Gianluca; Reichstein, Markus.

In: Scientific data, Vol. 6, No. 1, 27.05.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Jung, M, Koirala, S, Weber, U, Ichii, K, Gans, F, Camps-Valls, G, Papale, D, Schwalm, CR, Tramontana, G & Reichstein, M 2019, 'The FLUXCOM ensemble of global land-atmosphere energy fluxes', Scientific data, vol. 6, no. 1. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-019-0076-8
Jung M, Koirala S, Weber U, Ichii K, Gans F, Camps-Valls G et al. The FLUXCOM ensemble of global land-atmosphere energy fluxes. Scientific data. 2019 May 27;6(1). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-019-0076-8
Jung, Martin ; Koirala, Sujan ; Weber, Ulrich ; Ichii, Kazuhito ; Gans, Fabian ; Camps-Valls, Gustau ; Papale, Dario ; Schwalm, Christopher R ; Tramontana, Gianluca ; Reichstein, Markus. / The FLUXCOM ensemble of global land-atmosphere energy fluxes. In: Scientific data. 2019 ; Vol. 6, No. 1.
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