The effect of magnetic field orientation on the open-circuit voltage of Ni-Mn-Ga based power harvesters

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Abstract

Ni-Mn-Ga is a ferromagnetic alloy that can exhibit the shape memory effect or superelasticity in the presence of a magnetic field. The behavior of the material is largely due to its microstructure, which is thought to be made of tetragonal martensite variants, each exhibiting an innate magnetization aligned approximately with the short side of the unit cell. Because the reorientation strain can be induced and recovered by either magnetic field or mechanical stress, it can be induced at frequencies larger than 1 kHz, which makes the material suitable for high-frequency actuation, sensing, or power harvesting applications. This paper investigates the power harvesting capability of Ni-Mn-Ga wrapped with a pick-up coil under a bi-axial magnetic field. In this work, both experimental tests and numerical simulations are used to identify the optimal direction of the externally applied magnetic field in order to achieve maximum open-circuit voltage output from a particular Ni-Mn-Ga based power harvester. Results suggest that significantly more power can be achieved with the bias field applied at an angle of 10°-20° off the perpendicular to the coil axis and the compressive stress. We believe that this increased power output is due to the saturation of domain walls due to a small component of the magnetic field along the direction of the coil.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number095006
JournalSmart Materials and Structures
Volume27
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 31 2018

Fingerprint

Harvesters
Open circuit voltage
open circuit voltage
Magnetic fields
magnetic fields
coils
output
Domain walls
martensite
Shape memory effect
Compressive stress
actuation
Martensite
retraining
domain wall
Magnetization
saturation
magnetization
microstructure
Microstructure

Keywords

  • bi-axial magnetic loading
  • ferromagnetic shape memory alloys
  • magnetic shape memory alloys
  • power Harvesting
  • smart materials

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

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title = "The effect of magnetic field orientation on the open-circuit voltage of Ni-Mn-Ga based power harvesters",
abstract = "Ni-Mn-Ga is a ferromagnetic alloy that can exhibit the shape memory effect or superelasticity in the presence of a magnetic field. The behavior of the material is largely due to its microstructure, which is thought to be made of tetragonal martensite variants, each exhibiting an innate magnetization aligned approximately with the short side of the unit cell. Because the reorientation strain can be induced and recovered by either magnetic field or mechanical stress, it can be induced at frequencies larger than 1 kHz, which makes the material suitable for high-frequency actuation, sensing, or power harvesting applications. This paper investigates the power harvesting capability of Ni-Mn-Ga wrapped with a pick-up coil under a bi-axial magnetic field. In this work, both experimental tests and numerical simulations are used to identify the optimal direction of the externally applied magnetic field in order to achieve maximum open-circuit voltage output from a particular Ni-Mn-Ga based power harvester. Results suggest that significantly more power can be achieved with the bias field applied at an angle of 10°-20° off the perpendicular to the coil axis and the compressive stress. We believe that this increased power output is due to the saturation of domain walls due to a small component of the magnetic field along the direction of the coil.",
keywords = "bi-axial magnetic loading, ferromagnetic shape memory alloys, magnetic shape memory alloys, power Harvesting, smart materials",
author = "Roger Guiel and Feigenbaum, {Heidi P} and Constantin Ciocanel",
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AU - Guiel, Roger

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AU - Ciocanel, Constantin

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N2 - Ni-Mn-Ga is a ferromagnetic alloy that can exhibit the shape memory effect or superelasticity in the presence of a magnetic field. The behavior of the material is largely due to its microstructure, which is thought to be made of tetragonal martensite variants, each exhibiting an innate magnetization aligned approximately with the short side of the unit cell. Because the reorientation strain can be induced and recovered by either magnetic field or mechanical stress, it can be induced at frequencies larger than 1 kHz, which makes the material suitable for high-frequency actuation, sensing, or power harvesting applications. This paper investigates the power harvesting capability of Ni-Mn-Ga wrapped with a pick-up coil under a bi-axial magnetic field. In this work, both experimental tests and numerical simulations are used to identify the optimal direction of the externally applied magnetic field in order to achieve maximum open-circuit voltage output from a particular Ni-Mn-Ga based power harvester. Results suggest that significantly more power can be achieved with the bias field applied at an angle of 10°-20° off the perpendicular to the coil axis and the compressive stress. We believe that this increased power output is due to the saturation of domain walls due to a small component of the magnetic field along the direction of the coil.

AB - Ni-Mn-Ga is a ferromagnetic alloy that can exhibit the shape memory effect or superelasticity in the presence of a magnetic field. The behavior of the material is largely due to its microstructure, which is thought to be made of tetragonal martensite variants, each exhibiting an innate magnetization aligned approximately with the short side of the unit cell. Because the reorientation strain can be induced and recovered by either magnetic field or mechanical stress, it can be induced at frequencies larger than 1 kHz, which makes the material suitable for high-frequency actuation, sensing, or power harvesting applications. This paper investigates the power harvesting capability of Ni-Mn-Ga wrapped with a pick-up coil under a bi-axial magnetic field. In this work, both experimental tests and numerical simulations are used to identify the optimal direction of the externally applied magnetic field in order to achieve maximum open-circuit voltage output from a particular Ni-Mn-Ga based power harvester. Results suggest that significantly more power can be achieved with the bias field applied at an angle of 10°-20° off the perpendicular to the coil axis and the compressive stress. We believe that this increased power output is due to the saturation of domain walls due to a small component of the magnetic field along the direction of the coil.

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