Summary of the Snowmastodon Project Special Volume. A high-elevation, multi-proxy biotic and environmental record of MIS 6-4 from the Ziegler Reservoir fossil site, Snowmass Village, Colorado, USA

Ian M. Miller, Jeffrey S. Pigati, Scott R Anderson, Kirk R. Johnson, Shannon A. Mahan, Thomas A. Ager, Richard G. Baker, Maarten Blaauw, Jordon Bright, Peter M. Brown, Bruce Bryant, Zachary T. Calamari, Paul E. Carrara, Michael D. Cherney, John R. Demboski, Scott A. Elias, Daniel C. Fisher, Harrison J. Gray, Danielle R. Haskett, Jeffrey S. Honke & 24 others Stephen T. Jackson, Gonzalo Jiménez-Moreno, Douglas Kline, Eric M. Leonard, Nathaniel A. Lifton, Carol Lucking, H. Gregory McDonald, Dane M. Miller, Daniel R. Muhs, Stephen E. Nash, Cody Newton, James B. Paces, Lesley Petrie, Mitchell A. Plummer, David F. Porinchu, Adam N. Rountrey, Eric Scott, Joseph J W Sertich, Saxon E. Sharpe, Gary L. Skipp, Laura E. Strickland, Richard K. Stucky, Robert S. Thompson, Jim Wilson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In North America, terrestrial records of biodiversity and climate change that span Marine Oxygen Isotope Stage (MIS) 5 are rare. Where found, they provide insight into how the coupling of the ocean-atmosphere system is manifested in biotic and environmental records and how the biosphere responds to climate change. In 2010-2011, construction at Ziegler Reservoir near Snowmass Village, Colorado (USA) revealed a nearly continuous, lacustrine/wetland sedimentary sequence that preserved evidence of past plant communities between ~. 140 and 55. ka, including all of MIS 5. At an elevation of 2705. m, the Ziegler Reservoir fossil site also contained thousands of well-preserved bones of late Pleistocene megafauna, including mastodons, mammoths, ground sloths, horses, camels, deer, bison, black bear, coyotes, and bighorn sheep. In addition, the site contained more than 26,000 bones from at least 30 species of small animals including salamanders, otters, muskrats, minks, rabbits, beavers, frogs, lizards, snakes, fish, and birds. The combination of macro- and micro-vertebrates, invertebrates, terrestrial and aquatic plant macrofossils, a detailed pollen record, and a robust, directly dated stratigraphic framework shows that high-elevation ecosystems in the Rocky Mountains of Colorado are climatically sensitive and varied dramatically throughout MIS 5.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)618-634
Number of pages17
JournalQuaternary Research
Volume82
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

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oxygen isotope
village
fossil
bone
vertebrate
atmosphere-ocean system
climate change
bear
aquatic plant
horse
snake
sedimentary sequence
lizard
frog
sheep
deer
biosphere
plant community
pollen
invertebrate

Keywords

  • Mammut americanum
  • Mammuthus columbi
  • Marine Oxygen Isotope Stage
  • Paleoclimate
  • Pleistocene megafauna
  • Rocky Mountains
  • Sangamon interglacial
  • Ziegler Reservoir

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Summary of the Snowmastodon Project Special Volume. A high-elevation, multi-proxy biotic and environmental record of MIS 6-4 from the Ziegler Reservoir fossil site, Snowmass Village, Colorado, USA. / Miller, Ian M.; Pigati, Jeffrey S.; Anderson, Scott R; Johnson, Kirk R.; Mahan, Shannon A.; Ager, Thomas A.; Baker, Richard G.; Blaauw, Maarten; Bright, Jordon; Brown, Peter M.; Bryant, Bruce; Calamari, Zachary T.; Carrara, Paul E.; Cherney, Michael D.; Demboski, John R.; Elias, Scott A.; Fisher, Daniel C.; Gray, Harrison J.; Haskett, Danielle R.; Honke, Jeffrey S.; Jackson, Stephen T.; Jiménez-Moreno, Gonzalo; Kline, Douglas; Leonard, Eric M.; Lifton, Nathaniel A.; Lucking, Carol; Gregory McDonald, H.; Miller, Dane M.; Muhs, Daniel R.; Nash, Stephen E.; Newton, Cody; Paces, James B.; Petrie, Lesley; Plummer, Mitchell A.; Porinchu, David F.; Rountrey, Adam N.; Scott, Eric; Sertich, Joseph J W; Sharpe, Saxon E.; Skipp, Gary L.; Strickland, Laura E.; Stucky, Richard K.; Thompson, Robert S.; Wilson, Jim.

In: Quaternary Research, Vol. 82, No. 3, 2014, p. 618-634.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Miller, IM, Pigati, JS, Anderson, SR, Johnson, KR, Mahan, SA, Ager, TA, Baker, RG, Blaauw, M, Bright, J, Brown, PM, Bryant, B, Calamari, ZT, Carrara, PE, Cherney, MD, Demboski, JR, Elias, SA, Fisher, DC, Gray, HJ, Haskett, DR, Honke, JS, Jackson, ST, Jiménez-Moreno, G, Kline, D, Leonard, EM, Lifton, NA, Lucking, C, Gregory McDonald, H, Miller, DM, Muhs, DR, Nash, SE, Newton, C, Paces, JB, Petrie, L, Plummer, MA, Porinchu, DF, Rountrey, AN, Scott, E, Sertich, JJW, Sharpe, SE, Skipp, GL, Strickland, LE, Stucky, RK, Thompson, RS & Wilson, J 2014, 'Summary of the Snowmastodon Project Special Volume. A high-elevation, multi-proxy biotic and environmental record of MIS 6-4 from the Ziegler Reservoir fossil site, Snowmass Village, Colorado, USA', Quaternary Research, vol. 82, no. 3, pp. 618-634. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.yqres.2014.07.004
Miller, Ian M. ; Pigati, Jeffrey S. ; Anderson, Scott R ; Johnson, Kirk R. ; Mahan, Shannon A. ; Ager, Thomas A. ; Baker, Richard G. ; Blaauw, Maarten ; Bright, Jordon ; Brown, Peter M. ; Bryant, Bruce ; Calamari, Zachary T. ; Carrara, Paul E. ; Cherney, Michael D. ; Demboski, John R. ; Elias, Scott A. ; Fisher, Daniel C. ; Gray, Harrison J. ; Haskett, Danielle R. ; Honke, Jeffrey S. ; Jackson, Stephen T. ; Jiménez-Moreno, Gonzalo ; Kline, Douglas ; Leonard, Eric M. ; Lifton, Nathaniel A. ; Lucking, Carol ; Gregory McDonald, H. ; Miller, Dane M. ; Muhs, Daniel R. ; Nash, Stephen E. ; Newton, Cody ; Paces, James B. ; Petrie, Lesley ; Plummer, Mitchell A. ; Porinchu, David F. ; Rountrey, Adam N. ; Scott, Eric ; Sertich, Joseph J W ; Sharpe, Saxon E. ; Skipp, Gary L. ; Strickland, Laura E. ; Stucky, Richard K. ; Thompson, Robert S. ; Wilson, Jim. / Summary of the Snowmastodon Project Special Volume. A high-elevation, multi-proxy biotic and environmental record of MIS 6-4 from the Ziegler Reservoir fossil site, Snowmass Village, Colorado, USA. In: Quaternary Research. 2014 ; Vol. 82, No. 3. pp. 618-634.
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abstract = "In North America, terrestrial records of biodiversity and climate change that span Marine Oxygen Isotope Stage (MIS) 5 are rare. Where found, they provide insight into how the coupling of the ocean-atmosphere system is manifested in biotic and environmental records and how the biosphere responds to climate change. In 2010-2011, construction at Ziegler Reservoir near Snowmass Village, Colorado (USA) revealed a nearly continuous, lacustrine/wetland sedimentary sequence that preserved evidence of past plant communities between ~. 140 and 55. ka, including all of MIS 5. At an elevation of 2705. m, the Ziegler Reservoir fossil site also contained thousands of well-preserved bones of late Pleistocene megafauna, including mastodons, mammoths, ground sloths, horses, camels, deer, bison, black bear, coyotes, and bighorn sheep. In addition, the site contained more than 26,000 bones from at least 30 species of small animals including salamanders, otters, muskrats, minks, rabbits, beavers, frogs, lizards, snakes, fish, and birds. The combination of macro- and micro-vertebrates, invertebrates, terrestrial and aquatic plant macrofossils, a detailed pollen record, and a robust, directly dated stratigraphic framework shows that high-elevation ecosystems in the Rocky Mountains of Colorado are climatically sensitive and varied dramatically throughout MIS 5.",
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AU - Elias, Scott A.

AU - Fisher, Daniel C.

AU - Gray, Harrison J.

AU - Haskett, Danielle R.

AU - Honke, Jeffrey S.

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AU - Jiménez-Moreno, Gonzalo

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AU - Gregory McDonald, H.

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KW - Mammuthus columbi

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KW - Paleoclimate

KW - Pleistocene megafauna

KW - Rocky Mountains

KW - Sangamon interglacial

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