### Abstract

A mystery surrounds the stability properties of the splay-phase periodic solutions to a series array of N Josephson junction oscillators. Contrary to what one would expect from dynamical systems theory, the splay state appears to be neutrally stable for a wide range of system parameters. It has been explained why the splay state must be neutrally stable when the Stewart-McCumber parameter β (a measure of the junction internal capacitance) is zero. In this paper we complete the explanation of the apparent neutral stability; we show that the splay state is typically hyperbolic - either asymptotically stable or unstable - when β > 0. We conclude that there is only a single unit Floquet multiplier, based on accurate and systematic computations of the Floquet multipliers for β ranging from 0 to 10. However, N - 2 multipliers are extremely close to 1 for β larger than about 1. In addition, two more Floquet multipliers approach 1 as β becomes large. We visualize the global dynamics responsible for these nearly degenerate multipliers, and then estimate them accurately by a multiple time-scale analysis. For N = 4 junctions the analysis also predicts that the system converges toward either the in-phase state, the splay state, or two clusters of two oscillators, depending on the parameters.

Original language | English (US) |
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Pages (from-to) | 503-536 |

Number of pages | 34 |

Journal | Journal of Nonlinear Science |

Volume | 7 |

Issue number | 6 |

State | Published - Nov 1997 |

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### Keywords

- Bifurcation
- Breakdown of global foliation
- Josephson junction arrays
- Multiple time-scale analysis
- Nonlinear oscillations
- Stability of periodic solutions

### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Computational Mechanics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mathematics(all)
- Applied Mathematics
- Mathematical Physics
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics

### Cite this

*Journal of Nonlinear Science*,

*7*(6), 503-536.