Species richness and variety of life in Arizona’s ponderosa pine forest type

David R. Patton, Richard Hofstetter, John D. Bailey, Mary Ann Benoit

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Species richness (SR) is a tool that managers can use to include diversity in planning and decision-making and is a convenient and useful way to characterize the first level of biological diversity. A richness list derived from existing inventories enhances a manager’s understanding of the complexity of the plant and animal communities they manage. Without a list of species, resource management decisions may have negative or unknown effects on all species occupying a forest type. Without abundance data, a common quantitative index for species diversity cannot be determined. However, SR data can include life history information from published literature to enhance the SR value. This report provides an example of how inventory information can characterize the complexity of biological diversity in the ponderosa pine forest type in Arizona. The SR process broadly categorizes the number of plant and animal life forms to arrive at a composite species richness value. Common sense dictates that plants and animals exist in a biotic community because that community has sufficient resources to sustain life. A mixture of forest at tributes maintained in time and space fundamentally supports a certain level of diversity as indicated by a richness value. As a management guideline, it is a reasonable assumption that the variety among plant communities and structures increases the potential for maintaining diverse kinds of animal habitats and resultant populations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalUSDA Forest Service - General Technical Report RMRS-GTR
Issue numberGRT-332
StatePublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Pinus ponderosa
forest types
coniferous forests
species richness
species diversity
plant community
plant communities
managers
animal community
biodiversity
animals
biocenosis
natural resource management
resource management
life history
space and time
decision making
planning
animal
resource

Keywords

  • Animals
  • Biological diversity
  • Plants
  • Ponderosa pine
  • Species richness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Forestry
  • Plant Science
  • Ecology

Cite this

Species richness and variety of life in Arizona’s ponderosa pine forest type. / Patton, David R.; Hofstetter, Richard; Bailey, John D.; Benoit, Mary Ann.

In: USDA Forest Service - General Technical Report RMRS-GTR, No. GRT-332, 2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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