Sensory modulation and behavioral choice during feeding in the Australian frog, Cyclorana novaehollandiae

C. M. Valdez, K. C. Nishikawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study investigates how visual and tactile sensory information, as well as biomechanical effects due to differences in physical characteristics of the prey, influence feeding behavior in the frog Cyclorana novaehollandiae. Video motion analysis was used to quantify movement patterns produced when feeding on five prey types (termites, waxworms, crickets, mice and earthworms). Twelve kinematic variables differed significantly among prey types, and twelve variables were correlated with prey characteristics (including mass, length, height and velocity of movement). Results indicate that C. novaehollandiae uses a different strategy to capture each prey type. Visual assessment of prey characteristics appeared to be more important in modulating feeding behavior than tactile cues or biomechanical effects. We propose a hierarchical hypothesis of behavioral choice, in which decisions are based primarily on visual analysis of prey characteristics. In this model, the frogs first choose between jaw prehension and tongue prehension based on prey size. If they have chosen jaw prehension, they next choose between upward or downward bead rotation based on length and height of the prey. If they have chosen tongue prehension, they next choose between behavior for fast and slow prey. Final decisions may be the result of behavioral fine tuning based on tactile feedback.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)187-202
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Comparative Physiology - A Sensory, Neural, and Behavioral Physiology
Volume180
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 1997

Keywords

  • Behavioral choice
  • Feeding behavior
  • Sensory modulation
  • Tactile cues
  • Visual guidance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Physiology
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

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