Self-evaluation processes: motives, information use, and self-esteem.

Heidi A Wayment, S. E. Taylor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

94 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

At least three motives guide self-evaluation: accuracy, self-enhancement, and self-improvement. To satisfy these motives, self-evaluation may utilize different information sources. Self-esteem may also moderate self-evaluation strategies. Participants evaluated the frequency and usefulness of eight types of information for meeting the three motives in two life domains: academics and social life. Personal standards information was reported to be used more frequently than objective or social comparison information and also perceived as most useful for meeting all three motives. Individuals low in self-esteem reported using more social comparison information than those high in self-esteem, especially upward social comparison information. Individuals with high self-esteem reported using personal standards information more often than they used social comparison information, while individuals with low self-esteem relied equally often on these two types of information. Discussion focuses on the role social comparison information may have for those with unstable self-concepts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)729-757
Number of pages29
JournalJournal of Personality
Volume63
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1995
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Diagnostic Self Evaluation
Self Concept

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Social Psychology

Cite this

Self-evaluation processes : motives, information use, and self-esteem. / Wayment, Heidi A; Taylor, S. E.

In: Journal of Personality, Vol. 63, No. 4, 12.1995, p. 729-757.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{d6986abedccc404db9fc2f503ea51ec1,
title = "Self-evaluation processes: motives, information use, and self-esteem.",
abstract = "At least three motives guide self-evaluation: accuracy, self-enhancement, and self-improvement. To satisfy these motives, self-evaluation may utilize different information sources. Self-esteem may also moderate self-evaluation strategies. Participants evaluated the frequency and usefulness of eight types of information for meeting the three motives in two life domains: academics and social life. Personal standards information was reported to be used more frequently than objective or social comparison information and also perceived as most useful for meeting all three motives. Individuals low in self-esteem reported using more social comparison information than those high in self-esteem, especially upward social comparison information. Individuals with high self-esteem reported using personal standards information more often than they used social comparison information, while individuals with low self-esteem relied equally often on these two types of information. Discussion focuses on the role social comparison information may have for those with unstable self-concepts.",
author = "Wayment, {Heidi A} and Taylor, {S. E.}",
year = "1995",
month = "12",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "63",
pages = "729--757",
journal = "Journal of Personality",
issn = "0022-3506",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Self-evaluation processes

T2 - motives, information use, and self-esteem.

AU - Wayment, Heidi A

AU - Taylor, S. E.

PY - 1995/12

Y1 - 1995/12

N2 - At least three motives guide self-evaluation: accuracy, self-enhancement, and self-improvement. To satisfy these motives, self-evaluation may utilize different information sources. Self-esteem may also moderate self-evaluation strategies. Participants evaluated the frequency and usefulness of eight types of information for meeting the three motives in two life domains: academics and social life. Personal standards information was reported to be used more frequently than objective or social comparison information and also perceived as most useful for meeting all three motives. Individuals low in self-esteem reported using more social comparison information than those high in self-esteem, especially upward social comparison information. Individuals with high self-esteem reported using personal standards information more often than they used social comparison information, while individuals with low self-esteem relied equally often on these two types of information. Discussion focuses on the role social comparison information may have for those with unstable self-concepts.

AB - At least three motives guide self-evaluation: accuracy, self-enhancement, and self-improvement. To satisfy these motives, self-evaluation may utilize different information sources. Self-esteem may also moderate self-evaluation strategies. Participants evaluated the frequency and usefulness of eight types of information for meeting the three motives in two life domains: academics and social life. Personal standards information was reported to be used more frequently than objective or social comparison information and also perceived as most useful for meeting all three motives. Individuals low in self-esteem reported using more social comparison information than those high in self-esteem, especially upward social comparison information. Individuals with high self-esteem reported using personal standards information more often than they used social comparison information, while individuals with low self-esteem relied equally often on these two types of information. Discussion focuses on the role social comparison information may have for those with unstable self-concepts.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0029441410&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0029441410&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 8531044

AN - SCOPUS:0029441410

VL - 63

SP - 729

EP - 757

JO - Journal of Personality

JF - Journal of Personality

SN - 0022-3506

IS - 4

ER -