Self-concordance and subjective well-being in four cultures

Kennon M. Sheldon, Andrew J. Elliot, Richard M. Ryan, Valery Chirkov, Youngmee Kim, Cindy Wu, Meliksah Demir, Zhigang Sun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

155 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Sheldon and colleagues have recently focused research attention on the concept of self-concordance, in which people feel that they pursue their goals because the goals fit with their underlying interests and values rather than because others say they should pursue them. Self-concordant individuals typically evidence higher subjective well-being (SWB). But is this also true in non-Western cultures, which emphasize people's duty to conform to societal expectations and group-centered norms? To address this question, this study assessed goal self-concordance and SWB in four different cultures. U.S., Chinese, and South Korean samples evidenced equal levels of self-concordance, whereas a Taiwanese sample evidenced somewhat less self-concordance. More importantly, self-concordance predicted SWB within every culture. It appears that "owning one's actions" - that is, feeling that one's goals are consistent with the self-may be important for most if not all humans.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)209-223
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Cross-Cultural Psychology
Volume35
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2004
Externally publishedYes

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well-being
study goal
Emotions
evidence
Values
Group
Research

Keywords

  • Culture
  • Goals
  • Motivation
  • Well-being

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Social Psychology

Cite this

Sheldon, K. M., Elliot, A. J., Ryan, R. M., Chirkov, V., Kim, Y., Wu, C., ... Sun, Z. (2004). Self-concordance and subjective well-being in four cultures. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 35(2), 209-223.

Self-concordance and subjective well-being in four cultures. / Sheldon, Kennon M.; Elliot, Andrew J.; Ryan, Richard M.; Chirkov, Valery; Kim, Youngmee; Wu, Cindy; Demir, Meliksah; Sun, Zhigang.

In: Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, Vol. 35, No. 2, 03.2004, p. 209-223.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sheldon, KM, Elliot, AJ, Ryan, RM, Chirkov, V, Kim, Y, Wu, C, Demir, M & Sun, Z 2004, 'Self-concordance and subjective well-being in four cultures', Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, vol. 35, no. 2, pp. 209-223.
Sheldon KM, Elliot AJ, Ryan RM, Chirkov V, Kim Y, Wu C et al. Self-concordance and subjective well-being in four cultures. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology. 2004 Mar;35(2):209-223.
Sheldon, Kennon M. ; Elliot, Andrew J. ; Ryan, Richard M. ; Chirkov, Valery ; Kim, Youngmee ; Wu, Cindy ; Demir, Meliksah ; Sun, Zhigang. / Self-concordance and subjective well-being in four cultures. In: Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology. 2004 ; Vol. 35, No. 2. pp. 209-223.
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