Seismicity remotely triggered by the magnitude 7.3 landers, California, earthquake

D. P. Hill, P. A. Reasenberg, A. Michael, W. J. Arabaz, G. Beroza, D. Brumbaugh, J. N. Brune, R. Castro, S. Davis, D. DePolo, W. L. Ellsworth, J. Gomberg, S. Harmsen, L. House, S. M. Jackson, M. J.S. Johnston, L. Jones, R. Keller, S. Malone, L. MunguiaS. Nava, J. C. Pechmann, A. Sanford, R. W. Simpson, R. B. Smith, M. Stark, M. Stickney, A. Vidal, S. Walter, V. Wong, J. Zollweg

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652 Scopus citations

Abstract

The magnitude 7.3 Landers earthquake of 28 June 1992 triggered a remarkably sudden and widespread increase in earthquake activity across much of the western United States. The triggered earthquakes, which occurred at distances up to 1250 kilometers (17 source dimensions) from the Landers mainshock, were confined to areas of persistent seismicity and strike-slip to normal faulting. Many of the triggered areas also are sites of geothermal and recent volcanic activity. Static stress changes calculated for elastic models of the earthquake appear to be too small to have caused the triggering. The most promising explanations involve nonlinear interactions between large dynamic strains accompanying seismic waves from the mainshock and crustal fluids (perhaps including crustal magma).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1617-1623
Number of pages7
JournalScience
Volume260
Issue number5114
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1993

ASJC Scopus subject areas

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    Hill, D. P., Reasenberg, P. A., Michael, A., Arabaz, W. J., Beroza, G., Brumbaugh, D., Brune, J. N., Castro, R., Davis, S., DePolo, D., Ellsworth, W. L., Gomberg, J., Harmsen, S., House, L., Jackson, S. M., Johnston, M. J. S., Jones, L., Keller, R., Malone, S., ... Zollweg, J. (1993). Seismicity remotely triggered by the magnitude 7.3 landers, California, earthquake. Science, 260(5114), 1617-1623. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.260.5114.1617