The techniques of scanning tunneling microscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy were used to characterize the surfaces of chemically prepared and electrochemically prepared borate-substituted polyaniline films. The chemically prepared film surface consisted of small, amorphous conducting domains together with domains of nonconducting polymer. The electrochemically prepared film showed spatially uniform conductivity. The surface of the electrochemical film consisted of amorphous islands together with polymer coils of average diameter 20 ± 4 A ̊.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Materials Chemistry
- Polymers and Plastics