Relation between relative growth rate, endogenous gibberellins, and the response to applied gibberellic acid for Plantago major

Paul Dijkstra, Harrie Ter Reegen, Pieter J C Kuiper

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Relationships between relative growth rate (RGR), endogenous gibberellin (GA) concentration and the response to application of gibberellic acid (GA3) were studied for two inbred lines of Plantago major L., which differed in RGR. A4, the fast‐growing inbred line, had a higher free GA concentration than the slow‐growing W9, as analyzed by enzyme immunoassay. GA3 application increased total plant weight and RGR3 particularly for the slow‐growing line. Chlorophyll a content and photosynthetic activity per unit leaf area were decreased, while transpiration rate was unaffected by GA3 application. The increase in RGR by GA3 application was associated with an increased leaf weight ratio; specific leaf area and percentage of dry matter in the leaves were only temporarily affected. Root respiration rate per unit dry weight was unaffected. The correlation between low RGR, low GA concentration and high responsiveness to applied GA3 supports the contention that gibberellins are involved in the regulation of RGR. However, the transient influence of GA3 application on some growth components suggests the involvement of other regulatory factors in addition to GA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)629-634
Number of pages6
JournalPhysiologia Plantarum
Volume79
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1990
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Plantago major
Plantago
Gibberellins
gibberellic acid
gibberellins
inbred lines
leaf area
Growth
enzyme immunoassays
Weights and Measures
leaves
transpiration
chlorophyll
Respiratory Rate
Immunoenzyme Techniques

Keywords

  • Gibberellins
  • growth analysis
  • photosynthesis
  • plant growth regulators
  • Plantago major
  • relative growth rate
  • root respiration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Genetics
  • Plant Science
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Relation between relative growth rate, endogenous gibberellins, and the response to applied gibberellic acid for Plantago major. / Dijkstra, Paul; Ter Reegen, Harrie; Kuiper, Pieter J C.

In: Physiologia Plantarum, Vol. 79, No. 4, 1990, p. 629-634.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{7dc9b08f0ce1426c92364ee2fa098838,
title = "Relation between relative growth rate, endogenous gibberellins, and the response to applied gibberellic acid for Plantago major",
abstract = "Relationships between relative growth rate (RGR), endogenous gibberellin (GA) concentration and the response to application of gibberellic acid (GA3) were studied for two inbred lines of Plantago major L., which differed in RGR. A4, the fast‐growing inbred line, had a higher free GA concentration than the slow‐growing W9, as analyzed by enzyme immunoassay. GA3 application increased total plant weight and RGR3 particularly for the slow‐growing line. Chlorophyll a content and photosynthetic activity per unit leaf area were decreased, while transpiration rate was unaffected by GA3 application. The increase in RGR by GA3 application was associated with an increased leaf weight ratio; specific leaf area and percentage of dry matter in the leaves were only temporarily affected. Root respiration rate per unit dry weight was unaffected. The correlation between low RGR, low GA concentration and high responsiveness to applied GA3 supports the contention that gibberellins are involved in the regulation of RGR. However, the transient influence of GA3 application on some growth components suggests the involvement of other regulatory factors in addition to GA.",
keywords = "Gibberellins, growth analysis, photosynthesis, plant growth regulators, Plantago major, relative growth rate, root respiration",
author = "Paul Dijkstra and {Ter Reegen}, Harrie and Kuiper, {Pieter J C}",
year = "1990",
doi = "10.1111/j.1399-3054.1990.tb00036.x",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "79",
pages = "629--634",
journal = "Physiologia Plantarum",
issn = "0031-9317",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Relation between relative growth rate, endogenous gibberellins, and the response to applied gibberellic acid for Plantago major

AU - Dijkstra, Paul

AU - Ter Reegen, Harrie

AU - Kuiper, Pieter J C

PY - 1990

Y1 - 1990

N2 - Relationships between relative growth rate (RGR), endogenous gibberellin (GA) concentration and the response to application of gibberellic acid (GA3) were studied for two inbred lines of Plantago major L., which differed in RGR. A4, the fast‐growing inbred line, had a higher free GA concentration than the slow‐growing W9, as analyzed by enzyme immunoassay. GA3 application increased total plant weight and RGR3 particularly for the slow‐growing line. Chlorophyll a content and photosynthetic activity per unit leaf area were decreased, while transpiration rate was unaffected by GA3 application. The increase in RGR by GA3 application was associated with an increased leaf weight ratio; specific leaf area and percentage of dry matter in the leaves were only temporarily affected. Root respiration rate per unit dry weight was unaffected. The correlation between low RGR, low GA concentration and high responsiveness to applied GA3 supports the contention that gibberellins are involved in the regulation of RGR. However, the transient influence of GA3 application on some growth components suggests the involvement of other regulatory factors in addition to GA.

AB - Relationships between relative growth rate (RGR), endogenous gibberellin (GA) concentration and the response to application of gibberellic acid (GA3) were studied for two inbred lines of Plantago major L., which differed in RGR. A4, the fast‐growing inbred line, had a higher free GA concentration than the slow‐growing W9, as analyzed by enzyme immunoassay. GA3 application increased total plant weight and RGR3 particularly for the slow‐growing line. Chlorophyll a content and photosynthetic activity per unit leaf area were decreased, while transpiration rate was unaffected by GA3 application. The increase in RGR by GA3 application was associated with an increased leaf weight ratio; specific leaf area and percentage of dry matter in the leaves were only temporarily affected. Root respiration rate per unit dry weight was unaffected. The correlation between low RGR, low GA concentration and high responsiveness to applied GA3 supports the contention that gibberellins are involved in the regulation of RGR. However, the transient influence of GA3 application on some growth components suggests the involvement of other regulatory factors in addition to GA.

KW - Gibberellins

KW - growth analysis

KW - photosynthesis

KW - plant growth regulators

KW - Plantago major

KW - relative growth rate

KW - root respiration

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84989757534&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84989757534&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/j.1399-3054.1990.tb00036.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1399-3054.1990.tb00036.x

M3 - Article

VL - 79

SP - 629

EP - 634

JO - Physiologia Plantarum

JF - Physiologia Plantarum

SN - 0031-9317

IS - 4

ER -