The purpose of these studies was to determine the reflex responses of the cardiovascular system and central inspiratory activity caused by pulmonary vascular congestion. We used a canine preparation in which the left lung was isolated in situ and could be exposed to a variety of stimuli, including distension of the pulmonary capillaries with blood, without direct mechanical or chemical alterations on the circulation. We found that lung expansion to 30 cmH2O and stimulation of nerve endings of the left lung with capsaicin caused pronounced transient reflex bradycardia (-30 to -50 beats/min) and hypotension (-25 to -40 mmHg) and caused reflex cessation of inspiratory activity. Pressurizing the left pulmonary vessels by injecting blood in volumes sufficient to raise pulmonary transcapillary pressures to 30 mmHg caused no changes in heart rate, systemic arterial pressure, or inspiratory muscle activity. These results lead us to conclude that pulmonary vascular congestion does not stimulate pulmonary C-fibers or any other nerve endings to such a degree as to cause detectable changes in blood pressure, heart rate, or central inspiratory activity. Morphometric analysis revealed distended capillaries engorged with blood, but the alveolar wall surface area was not increased which raises the possibility that expansion of the alveolar membrane may be needed to mechanically initiate the C-fiber reflex.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physiology (medical)