Radial distribution of dust grains around HR 4796A

Z. Wahhaj, D. W. Koerner, D. E. Backman, M. W. Werner, E. Serabyn, M. E. Ressler, D. C. Lis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

We present high dynamic range images of circumstellar dust around HR 4796A that were obtained with MIRLIN at the Keck II telescope at λ = 7.9, 10.3, 12.5, and 24.5 μm. We also present a new continuum measurement at 350 μm obtained at the Caltech Submillimeter Observatory. Emission is resolved in Keck images at 12.5 and 24.5 μm with point-spread function FWHM values of 0″.37 and 0″.55, respectively, and confirms the presence of an outer ring centered at 70 AU. Unresolved excess infrared emission is also detected at the stellar position and must originate well within 13 AU of the star. A model of dust emission fitted to flux densities at 12.5, 20.8, and 24.5 μm indicates that dust grains are located 4-2+3 AU from the star with effective size 28 ± 6 μm and an associated temperature of 260 ± 40 K. We simulate all extant data with a simple model of exozodiacal dust and an outer exo-Kuiper ring. A two-component outer ring is necessary to fit both Keck thermal infrared and Hubble Space Telescope scattered-light images. Bayesian parameter estimates yield a total cross-sectional area of 0.055 AU2 for grains roughly 4 AU from the star, and an outer-dust disk composed of a narrow large-grain ring embedded within a wider ring of smaller grains. The narrow ring is 14 ± 1 AU wide with inner radius 66 ± 1 AU and total cross-sectional area 245 AU 2. The outer ring is 80 ± 15 AU wide with inner radius 45 ± 5 AU and total cross-sectional area 90 AU2. Dust grains in the narrow ring are about 10 times larger and have lower albedos than those in the wider ring. These properties are consistent with a picture in which radiation pressure dominates the dispersal of an exo-Kuiper belt.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)385-396
Number of pages12
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume618
Issue number1 I
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2005

Keywords

  • Circumstellar matter
  • Infrared: stars
  • Planetary systems: formation
  • Planetary systems: protoplanetary disks
  • Solar system: formation
  • Stars: individual (HR 4796A)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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    Wahhaj, Z., Koerner, D. W., Backman, D. E., Werner, M. W., Serabyn, E., Ressler, M. E., & Lis, D. C. (2005). Radial distribution of dust grains around HR 4796A. Astrophysical Journal, 618(1 I), 385-396. https://doi.org/10.1086/425858