Quantifying environmental and health benefits of using woody biomass for electricity generation in the Southwestern United States

Ching-Hsun Huang, Benjamin A. Bagdon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

The majority of National Forests in the southwestern United States need fuels-reduction treatments that have not kept pace with tree growth and fuels accumulation. The harvested small-sized trees are commonly disposed of through pile burning on the site due to their low market values. We assessed the environmental and health benefits of using small diameter wood from the fuels-reduction treatments as a renewable energy source for electricity production to increase forest health and environmental quality. Our study area was located in northern Arizona within the Four Forest Restoration Initiative project area. We investigated eight air pollutants, projected stand conditions, calculated pollutant emissions from power generators and assessed damage costs from power production. We further used life cycle assessments to investigate emissions from feedstock production, transportation and power generation. Our life cycle assessment results indicate that the annual total damage costs of three treatment-energy scenarios, 1) no thin-coal, 2) thin & pile burning-coal, and 3) thin-bioenergy, are $978,157, $1,732,300 and $43,216, respectively. We determined that in comparison with the no-action (no thin-coal) scenario, the total environmental and health damage cost avoided by utilizing removed woody biomass for the yearly output of a 1 MW (megawatt) power plant was $934,941 annually.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)123-134
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Forest Economics
Volume32
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2018

Keywords

  • Avoided damage costs
  • Bioenergy
  • Coal
  • Life-cycle assessment
  • Pollutant emissions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Forestry
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Ecology

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