Quaker ideology, colonialism and American Indian education

Barbara Heather, Marianne O Nielsen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

William Penn, the Quaker who founded Pennsylvania, set out to found a Holy Experiment based on Quaker ideals. While he regarded the Native American Indians whose land he purchased as spiritual equals, he still expected them to convert to Christianity and live under British law. Later, Quakers continued to follow this goal, eventually becoming leaders, under President Grant, in the residential school system for Native American Indian children. They supported assimilation, contributing to the destruction of native culture and society, in contradiction to their principles of equality and integrity. This paper explores the process by which Quakers came to feel it necessary to pursue such measures in spite of their egalitarian beliefs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)289-304
Number of pages16
JournalCulture and Religion
Volume14
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2013

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American Indian
colonial age
ideology
school system
Christianity
assimilation
grant
integrity
equality
education
president
leader
Law
experiment
Ideology
Education
American Indians
Colonialism
Quaker
Society

Keywords

  • colonialism
  • North American Indians
  • Quakers
  • religion
  • residential schools

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Philosophy
  • Religious studies
  • Cultural Studies

Cite this

Quaker ideology, colonialism and American Indian education. / Heather, Barbara; Nielsen, Marianne O.

In: Culture and Religion, Vol. 14, No. 3, 01.09.2013, p. 289-304.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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