Professor–Student Rapport and Perceived Autonomy Support as Predictors of Course and Student Outcomes

Meliksah Demir, Shelby Burton, Nora Dunbar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations


Two robust predictors of student success, rapport, and autonomy support were assessed to determine which had a greater impact on course and student outcomes. Survey responses from undergraduate psychology students (n = 412) were collected. Together, rapport and autonomy support explained substantial variance in professor effectiveness (R2 =.72), perception of the course (R2 =.49), and perceived amount learned (R2 =.27). However, rapport accounted for more unique variance than autonomy support. To a lesser degree, these predictors explained variability in expected (R2 =.07) and actual (R2 =.04) final grade, and absences (R2 =.04). Autonomy support was the only significant predictor of grades. Providing professional development opportunities to professors to enhance rapport and autonomy support may improve student success.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)22-33
Number of pages12
JournalTeaching of Psychology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019



  • actual grades
  • autonomy support
  • course outcomes
  • professor–student rapport
  • student learning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Psychology(all)

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