Predictors of token-to-token inconsistency in preschool children with typical speech-language development

Toby Macrae, Anna V Sosa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine potential concurrent predictors and replicate rates of token-to-token inconsistency (inconsistency in repeated productions of the same word) in 43 children with typical speech-language development, ages 2;6 to 4;2. A standard linear regression was used to determine which variables, if any, among age, expressive and receptive vocabulary, and speech sound production abilities predicted token-to-token inconsistency. Inconsistency rates in children from one research site, reported elsewhere, were compared to rates in children from a second research site. The results revealed that expressive vocabulary was the only significant predictor of token-to-token inconsistency in these children. Furthermore, inconsistency rates were similarly high across the two research sites. The findings are discussed in terms of their implications for our theoretical understanding of token-to-token inconsistency and its role in the differential diagnosis of speech sound disorders in children. 2015

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)922-937
Number of pages16
JournalClinical Linguistics and Phonetics
Volume29
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2 2015

Fingerprint

Language Development
Preschool Children
preschool child
language
Vocabulary
vocabulary
Research
Phonetics
Aptitude
Linear Models
Differential Diagnosis
Inconsistency
Predictors
Preschool children
regression
ability

Keywords

  • Inconsistency assessment
  • phonological encoding
  • underlying representations
  • variability
  • vocabulary

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Speech and Hearing
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Language and Linguistics

Cite this

Predictors of token-to-token inconsistency in preschool children with typical speech-language development. / Macrae, Toby; Sosa, Anna V.

In: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics, Vol. 29, No. 12, 02.12.2015, p. 922-937.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{1752318c16f94de797179e21539ea80b,
title = "Predictors of token-to-token inconsistency in preschool children with typical speech-language development",
abstract = "The purpose of this study was to examine potential concurrent predictors and replicate rates of token-to-token inconsistency (inconsistency in repeated productions of the same word) in 43 children with typical speech-language development, ages 2;6 to 4;2. A standard linear regression was used to determine which variables, if any, among age, expressive and receptive vocabulary, and speech sound production abilities predicted token-to-token inconsistency. Inconsistency rates in children from one research site, reported elsewhere, were compared to rates in children from a second research site. The results revealed that expressive vocabulary was the only significant predictor of token-to-token inconsistency in these children. Furthermore, inconsistency rates were similarly high across the two research sites. The findings are discussed in terms of their implications for our theoretical understanding of token-to-token inconsistency and its role in the differential diagnosis of speech sound disorders in children. 2015",
keywords = "Inconsistency assessment, phonological encoding, underlying representations, variability, vocabulary",
author = "Toby Macrae and Sosa, {Anna V}",
year = "2015",
month = "12",
day = "2",
doi = "10.3109/02699206.2015.1063085",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "29",
pages = "922--937",
journal = "Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics",
issn = "0269-9206",
publisher = "Informa Healthcare",
number = "12",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Predictors of token-to-token inconsistency in preschool children with typical speech-language development

AU - Macrae, Toby

AU - Sosa, Anna V

PY - 2015/12/2

Y1 - 2015/12/2

N2 - The purpose of this study was to examine potential concurrent predictors and replicate rates of token-to-token inconsistency (inconsistency in repeated productions of the same word) in 43 children with typical speech-language development, ages 2;6 to 4;2. A standard linear regression was used to determine which variables, if any, among age, expressive and receptive vocabulary, and speech sound production abilities predicted token-to-token inconsistency. Inconsistency rates in children from one research site, reported elsewhere, were compared to rates in children from a second research site. The results revealed that expressive vocabulary was the only significant predictor of token-to-token inconsistency in these children. Furthermore, inconsistency rates were similarly high across the two research sites. The findings are discussed in terms of their implications for our theoretical understanding of token-to-token inconsistency and its role in the differential diagnosis of speech sound disorders in children. 2015

AB - The purpose of this study was to examine potential concurrent predictors and replicate rates of token-to-token inconsistency (inconsistency in repeated productions of the same word) in 43 children with typical speech-language development, ages 2;6 to 4;2. A standard linear regression was used to determine which variables, if any, among age, expressive and receptive vocabulary, and speech sound production abilities predicted token-to-token inconsistency. Inconsistency rates in children from one research site, reported elsewhere, were compared to rates in children from a second research site. The results revealed that expressive vocabulary was the only significant predictor of token-to-token inconsistency in these children. Furthermore, inconsistency rates were similarly high across the two research sites. The findings are discussed in terms of their implications for our theoretical understanding of token-to-token inconsistency and its role in the differential diagnosis of speech sound disorders in children. 2015

KW - Inconsistency assessment

KW - phonological encoding

KW - underlying representations

KW - variability

KW - vocabulary

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84949089616&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84949089616&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3109/02699206.2015.1063085

DO - 10.3109/02699206.2015.1063085

M3 - Article

VL - 29

SP - 922

EP - 937

JO - Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics

JF - Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics

SN - 0269-9206

IS - 12

ER -