Power and trust dynamics of sexual violence: a textual analysis of nassar victim impact statements and #metoo disclosures on twitter

Brian A. Eiler, Rosemary Al-Kire, Patrick C. Doyle, Heidi A Wayment

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Employing a natural language processing approach, we analyzed textual content derived from publicly-available athlete victim impact statements (VIS) from the Larry Nassar trial (N = 111) to examine psychosocial responses to sexual violence. To explore potential differences in a non-sports context, we conducted similar analyses on a sample of #MeToo tweets (N = 45,848). Our research focused on the semantic content of VIS, including positive and negative affect, power and trust dynamics, well-being, and post-traumatic growth. We hypothesized that athletes’ reactions to sexual violence would be more likely to contain language related to power and trust. Traditional null-hypothesis significance testing and network analyses were used to identify the psychosocial indicators unique to sexual violence disclosures in a sports context. Results indicated differential use of language related to negative affect, trust, power dynamics, and post-traumatic growth in sports versus non-sports contexts. We discuss clinical, practical, and policy-based implications for risk reduction and intervention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)290-310
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Clinical Sport Psychology
Volume13
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

Sex Offenses
Disclosure
Athletes
Sports
Language
Natural Language Processing
Risk Reduction Behavior
Growth
Semantics
Research
Power (Psychology)

Keywords

  • Disclosure
  • Female athletes
  • SEANCE
  • Sexual violence
  • Text analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology

Cite this

Power and trust dynamics of sexual violence : a textual analysis of nassar victim impact statements and #metoo disclosures on twitter. / Eiler, Brian A.; Al-Kire, Rosemary; Doyle, Patrick C.; Wayment, Heidi A.

In: Journal of Clinical Sport Psychology, Vol. 13, No. 2, 01.01.2019, p. 290-310.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{faef3bd66fa94c2c8b75d81fd0553c4a,
title = "Power and trust dynamics of sexual violence: a textual analysis of nassar victim impact statements and #metoo disclosures on twitter",
abstract = "Employing a natural language processing approach, we analyzed textual content derived from publicly-available athlete victim impact statements (VIS) from the Larry Nassar trial (N = 111) to examine psychosocial responses to sexual violence. To explore potential differences in a non-sports context, we conducted similar analyses on a sample of #MeToo tweets (N = 45,848). Our research focused on the semantic content of VIS, including positive and negative affect, power and trust dynamics, well-being, and post-traumatic growth. We hypothesized that athletes’ reactions to sexual violence would be more likely to contain language related to power and trust. Traditional null-hypothesis significance testing and network analyses were used to identify the psychosocial indicators unique to sexual violence disclosures in a sports context. Results indicated differential use of language related to negative affect, trust, power dynamics, and post-traumatic growth in sports versus non-sports contexts. We discuss clinical, practical, and policy-based implications for risk reduction and intervention.",
keywords = "Disclosure, Female athletes, SEANCE, Sexual violence, Text analysis",
author = "Eiler, {Brian A.} and Rosemary Al-Kire and Doyle, {Patrick C.} and Wayment, {Heidi A}",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1123/jcsp.2018-0056",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "13",
pages = "290--310",
journal = "Journal of Clinical Sport Psychology",
issn = "1932-9261",
publisher = "Human Kinetics Publishers Inc.",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Power and trust dynamics of sexual violence

T2 - a textual analysis of nassar victim impact statements and #metoo disclosures on twitter

AU - Eiler, Brian A.

AU - Al-Kire, Rosemary

AU - Doyle, Patrick C.

AU - Wayment, Heidi A

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Employing a natural language processing approach, we analyzed textual content derived from publicly-available athlete victim impact statements (VIS) from the Larry Nassar trial (N = 111) to examine psychosocial responses to sexual violence. To explore potential differences in a non-sports context, we conducted similar analyses on a sample of #MeToo tweets (N = 45,848). Our research focused on the semantic content of VIS, including positive and negative affect, power and trust dynamics, well-being, and post-traumatic growth. We hypothesized that athletes’ reactions to sexual violence would be more likely to contain language related to power and trust. Traditional null-hypothesis significance testing and network analyses were used to identify the psychosocial indicators unique to sexual violence disclosures in a sports context. Results indicated differential use of language related to negative affect, trust, power dynamics, and post-traumatic growth in sports versus non-sports contexts. We discuss clinical, practical, and policy-based implications for risk reduction and intervention.

AB - Employing a natural language processing approach, we analyzed textual content derived from publicly-available athlete victim impact statements (VIS) from the Larry Nassar trial (N = 111) to examine psychosocial responses to sexual violence. To explore potential differences in a non-sports context, we conducted similar analyses on a sample of #MeToo tweets (N = 45,848). Our research focused on the semantic content of VIS, including positive and negative affect, power and trust dynamics, well-being, and post-traumatic growth. We hypothesized that athletes’ reactions to sexual violence would be more likely to contain language related to power and trust. Traditional null-hypothesis significance testing and network analyses were used to identify the psychosocial indicators unique to sexual violence disclosures in a sports context. Results indicated differential use of language related to negative affect, trust, power dynamics, and post-traumatic growth in sports versus non-sports contexts. We discuss clinical, practical, and policy-based implications for risk reduction and intervention.

KW - Disclosure

KW - Female athletes

KW - SEANCE

KW - Sexual violence

KW - Text analysis

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85068842951&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85068842951&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1123/jcsp.2018-0056

DO - 10.1123/jcsp.2018-0056

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85068842951

VL - 13

SP - 290

EP - 310

JO - Journal of Clinical Sport Psychology

JF - Journal of Clinical Sport Psychology

SN - 1932-9261

IS - 2

ER -