Plant succession and greentree reservoir management

implications for management and restoration of bottomland hardwood wetlands

Sammy L. King, James A. Allen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Bottomland hardwood forests are distributed along rivers and streams throughout the central and eastern United States, with the greatest concentration in the Southeast. Past and projected losses of bottomland hardwoods and degradation of remaining stands suggest that habitat management and/or restoration strategies that target multiple species and multiple uses will be necessary to maintain, enhance, and restore flora and fauna within bottomland hardwood wetlands. A greentree reservoir is a current management strategy that entails manipulating water regimes to provide habitat for wintering waterfowl. We conducted a literature review and synthesis to determine the potential impacts of greentree reservoir management on plant succession within bottomland hardwood wetlands. Greentree reservoirs can impact vegetation establishment through several processes. Despite shortcomings of greentree reservoirs, designs similar to them could be very beneficial in restoring bottomland hardwood plant and animal communities from degraded forests provided water-level control and maintenance are substantially improved. Emulation of natural hydrologic regimes, including natural variability, could produce diverse bottomland hardwood plant communities and provide habitat for a variety of wildlife species.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)503-511
Number of pages9
JournalWetlands
Volume16
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1996
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Reservoir management
Hardwoods
Wetlands
Restoration
wetland
plant community
animal community
habitat management
multiple use
waterfowl
habitat
literature review
water level
flora
Level control
fauna
Water levels
degradation
restoration
vegetation

Keywords

  • bottomland hardwoods
  • forested wetlands
  • greentree reservoir
  • hydroperiod
  • succession
  • wetland restoration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Ecology
  • Environmental Science(all)

Cite this

Plant succession and greentree reservoir management : implications for management and restoration of bottomland hardwood wetlands. / King, Sammy L.; Allen, James A.

In: Wetlands, Vol. 16, No. 4, 12.1996, p. 503-511.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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