Plant hydraulics as a central hub integrating plant and ecosystem function: meeting report for ‘Emerging Frontiers in Plant Hydraulics’ (Washington, DC, May 2015)

Lawren Sack, Marilyn C. Ball, Craig Brodersen, Stephen D. Davis, David L. Des Marais, Lisa A. Donovan, Thomas J. Givnish, Uwe G. Hacke, Travis Huxman, Steven Jansen, Anna L. Jacobsen, Daniel M. Johnson, George W Koch, Christophe Maurel, Katherine A. McCulloh, Nate G. McDowell, Andrew McElrone, Frederick C. Meinzer, Peter J. Melcher, Gretchen NorthMatteo Pellegrini, William T. Pockman, R. Brandon Pratt, Anna Sala, Louis S. Santiago, Jessica A. Savage, Christine Scoffoni, Sanna Sevanto, John Sperry, Stephen D. Tyerman, Danielle Way, N. Michele Holbrook

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Water plays a central role in plant biology and the efficiency of water transport throughout the plant affects both photosynthetic rate and growth, an influence that scales up deterministically to the productivity of terrestrial ecosystems. Moreover, hydraulic traits mediate the ways in which plants interact with their abiotic and biotic environment. At landscape to global scale, plant hydraulic traits are important in describing the function of ecological communities and ecosystems. Plant hydraulics is increasingly recognized as a central hub within a network by which plant biology is connected to palaeobiology, agronomy, climatology, forestry, community and ecosystem ecology and earth-system science. Such grand challenges as anticipating and mitigating the impacts of climate change, and improving the security and sustainability of our food supply rely on our fundamental knowledge of how water behaves in the cells, tissues, organs, bodies and diverse communities of plants. A workshop, ‘Emerging Frontiers in Plant Hydraulics’ supported by the National Science Foundation, was held in Washington DC, 2015 to promote open discussion of new ideas, controversies regarding measurements and analyses, and especially, the potential for expansion of up-scaled and down-scaled inter-disciplinary research, and the strengthening of connections between plant hydraulic research, allied fields and global modelling efforts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2085-2094
Number of pages10
JournalPlant Cell and Environment
Volume39
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2016

Keywords

  • cavitation
  • drought
  • embolism
  • genomics
  • phloem
  • stomata
  • vascular pathogens
  • vascular transport
  • xylem

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Plant Science

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    Sack, L., Ball, M. C., Brodersen, C., Davis, S. D., Des Marais, D. L., Donovan, L. A., Givnish, T. J., Hacke, U. G., Huxman, T., Jansen, S., Jacobsen, A. L., Johnson, D. M., Koch, G. W., Maurel, C., McCulloh, K. A., McDowell, N. G., McElrone, A., Meinzer, F. C., Melcher, P. J., ... Holbrook, N. M. (2016). Plant hydraulics as a central hub integrating plant and ecosystem function: meeting report for ‘Emerging Frontiers in Plant Hydraulics’ (Washington, DC, May 2015). Plant Cell and Environment, 39(9), 2085-2094. https://doi.org/10.1111/pce.12732