Peer education in friendship cliques

Prevention of adolescent smoking

William H Wiist, G. Snider

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The use of the term 'peer' teacher in adolescent health education programs has been applied with a variety of definitions. In some programs student teachers have been in the same grade as those they instructed; in others, they have been older students teaching lower grade students. The method of selection of student teachers has also varied. In some programs a popular vote of students has been used to choose the student teachers; in other programs, the adult teachers and principals have chosen the student teachers. The purpose of the program reported here was to conduct smoking prevention education in friendship cliques taught by the clique's peer leaders. The friendship cliques and their peer leaders were identified by a computerized algorithm analysis of responses to a friendship questionnaire. The curriculum focused on social skills to prevent smoking and consisted of 8 weeks of education during the sixth and seventh grade years of 347 adolescents. The program evaluation compared the friendship cliques with 'model' students identified by school officials who taught their classmates and adult teachers instructing their students. The prevention rates of friendship cliques suggest that research studying this approach is needed. A practical means of identifying friendship cliques and their leaders is suggested.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)101-108
Number of pages8
JournalHealth Education Research
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1991
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Smoking
Clique
friendship
smoking
Education
Students
adolescent
student teacher
education
leader
student
teacher
Program Evaluation
Analysis of Algorithms
School Admission Criteria
Vote
Questionnaire
health promotion
Friendship
Peer education

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Physiology
  • Education
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Peer education in friendship cliques : Prevention of adolescent smoking. / Wiist, William H; Snider, G.

In: Health Education Research, Vol. 6, No. 1, 03.1991, p. 101-108.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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