Organometallic complexes for nonlinear optics: Part 23. Quadratic and cubic hyperpolarizabilities of acetylide and vinylidene complexes derived from protected and free formylphenylacetylenes

Stephanie K. Hurst, Nigel T. Lucas, Marie P. Cifuentes, Mark G. Humphrey, Marek Samoc, Barry Luther-Davies, Inge Asselberghs, Roel Van Boxel, André Persoons

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

The acetylenes 4-HCCC6H4R [R=CH{OC(O)Me}2 (1), CHO(CH2)3O (2)], ruthenium complexes [Ru(4-CCC6H4R)(PPh3)2(η-C 5H5)] [R=CH{OC(O)Me}2 (3), CHO (4)], [Ru(n-C=CHC6H4R)Cl(dppm)2]PF6 [n=4, R=CHO(CH2)3O (7); R=CHO, n=3 (11), 2 (15)], and [Ru(n-CCC6H4R)Cl(dppm)2] [n=4, R=CHO(CH2)3O (8); n=3, R=CHO (12)], and gold complexes [Au(n-CCC6H4R)(L)] [n=4, R=CHO, L=PPh3 (5), PMe3 (6); n=4, R=CHO(CH2)3O, L=PPh3 (9), PMe3 (10); n=3, R=CHO, L=PPh3 (13), PMe3 (14)] have been prepared, and 9 characterized by a single crystal X-ray diffraction study. Electrochemical data for the ruthenium complexes reveal reversible or quasi-reversible (alkynyl complexes) or irreversible (vinylidene complexes) processes assigned to the RuII/III couple; the effect on E1/2 values of the various structural modifications across 3, 4, 7, 8, 11, 12 and 15 are discussed. The molecular quadratic and cubic optical nonlinearities of 1-15 have been determined by the hyper-Rayleigh scattering technique at 1064 nm and the Z-scan technique at 800 nm, respectively; β values increase on increasing the acceptor strength, proceeding from 3-acceptor-substituted to 4-acceptor-substituted arylalkynyl ligand, and an increasing phosphine donor strength, whereas γ values increase on increasing the number of phosphine aryl groups (i.e. increasing delocalization) proceeding from PMe3 to PPh3-containing complex.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)114-124
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Organometallic Chemistry
Volume633
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 10 2001
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Acetylide
  • Electrochemistry
  • Gold
  • Hyperpolarizability
  • Ruthenium
  • Vinylidene
  • X-ray structure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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