Off-highway vehicle road networks and kit fox space use

Andrew S. Jones, Jesse J. Anderson, Brett G. Dickson, Susan Boe, Esther S. Rubin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Off-highway vehicle (OHV) use is popular for outdoor recreation across the United States, with especially high levels of participation in Arizona and the American Southwest. Road networks related to OHV recreation have the potential to influence kit fox (Vulpes macrotis) space use intensity. To evaluate the potential impacts of OHV road networks to kit fox space use, we conducted a study during 2010–2013 in 2 areas of the Sonoran Desert in central Arizona. We used an observational approach to determine the importance of road density to kit fox space use, relative to other measured environmental variables. We monitored 22 collared individuals and used linear mixed models and an information-theoretic approach to develop models of intensity of space use for seasons of relatively low (e.g., 33% of yearly OHV use observed) and high (e.g., 67% of yearly OHV use observed) OHV use. We found road density to be the most important predictor of space use for kit foxes, relative to other measured environmental variables. Space use was negatively associated with road density during winter (Oct–Mar), which coincided with kit fox breeding, denning, and pupping activities and was the season of relatively higher OHV use. Road density in OHV use areas is an important seasonal predictor of, and can negatively influence, kit fox space use. OHV road networks may lead to effective habitat loss for kit foxes and managers must consider how OHV recreational opportunities should be balanced with habitat conservation for species like kit fox.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)230-237
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Wildlife Management
Volume81
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

all-terrain vehicles
space use
foxes
roads
road
road network
vehicle
outdoor recreation
Vulpes
Sonoran Desert
environmental factors
Southwestern United States
habitat conservation
recreation
habitat destruction
managers
habitat loss

Keywords

  • Arizona
  • disturbance
  • kit fox
  • off-highway vehicle
  • roads
  • Vulpes macrotis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecology
  • Nature and Landscape Conservation

Cite this

Off-highway vehicle road networks and kit fox space use. / Jones, Andrew S.; Anderson, Jesse J.; Dickson, Brett G.; Boe, Susan; Rubin, Esther S.

In: Journal of Wildlife Management, Vol. 81, No. 2, 01.02.2017, p. 230-237.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Jones, Andrew S. ; Anderson, Jesse J. ; Dickson, Brett G. ; Boe, Susan ; Rubin, Esther S. / Off-highway vehicle road networks and kit fox space use. In: Journal of Wildlife Management. 2017 ; Vol. 81, No. 2. pp. 230-237.
@article{90ebc32d61ab4ea883c6986aa345617d,
title = "Off-highway vehicle road networks and kit fox space use",
abstract = "Off-highway vehicle (OHV) use is popular for outdoor recreation across the United States, with especially high levels of participation in Arizona and the American Southwest. Road networks related to OHV recreation have the potential to influence kit fox (Vulpes macrotis) space use intensity. To evaluate the potential impacts of OHV road networks to kit fox space use, we conducted a study during 2010–2013 in 2 areas of the Sonoran Desert in central Arizona. We used an observational approach to determine the importance of road density to kit fox space use, relative to other measured environmental variables. We monitored 22 collared individuals and used linear mixed models and an information-theoretic approach to develop models of intensity of space use for seasons of relatively low (e.g., 33{\%} of yearly OHV use observed) and high (e.g., 67{\%} of yearly OHV use observed) OHV use. We found road density to be the most important predictor of space use for kit foxes, relative to other measured environmental variables. Space use was negatively associated with road density during winter (Oct–Mar), which coincided with kit fox breeding, denning, and pupping activities and was the season of relatively higher OHV use. Road density in OHV use areas is an important seasonal predictor of, and can negatively influence, kit fox space use. OHV road networks may lead to effective habitat loss for kit foxes and managers must consider how OHV recreational opportunities should be balanced with habitat conservation for species like kit fox.",
keywords = "Arizona, disturbance, kit fox, off-highway vehicle, roads, Vulpes macrotis",
author = "Jones, {Andrew S.} and Anderson, {Jesse J.} and Dickson, {Brett G.} and Susan Boe and Rubin, {Esther S.}",
year = "2017",
month = "2",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1002/jwmg.21204",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "81",
pages = "230--237",
journal = "Journal of Wildlife Management",
issn = "0022-541X",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Off-highway vehicle road networks and kit fox space use

AU - Jones, Andrew S.

AU - Anderson, Jesse J.

AU - Dickson, Brett G.

AU - Boe, Susan

AU - Rubin, Esther S.

PY - 2017/2/1

Y1 - 2017/2/1

N2 - Off-highway vehicle (OHV) use is popular for outdoor recreation across the United States, with especially high levels of participation in Arizona and the American Southwest. Road networks related to OHV recreation have the potential to influence kit fox (Vulpes macrotis) space use intensity. To evaluate the potential impacts of OHV road networks to kit fox space use, we conducted a study during 2010–2013 in 2 areas of the Sonoran Desert in central Arizona. We used an observational approach to determine the importance of road density to kit fox space use, relative to other measured environmental variables. We monitored 22 collared individuals and used linear mixed models and an information-theoretic approach to develop models of intensity of space use for seasons of relatively low (e.g., 33% of yearly OHV use observed) and high (e.g., 67% of yearly OHV use observed) OHV use. We found road density to be the most important predictor of space use for kit foxes, relative to other measured environmental variables. Space use was negatively associated with road density during winter (Oct–Mar), which coincided with kit fox breeding, denning, and pupping activities and was the season of relatively higher OHV use. Road density in OHV use areas is an important seasonal predictor of, and can negatively influence, kit fox space use. OHV road networks may lead to effective habitat loss for kit foxes and managers must consider how OHV recreational opportunities should be balanced with habitat conservation for species like kit fox.

AB - Off-highway vehicle (OHV) use is popular for outdoor recreation across the United States, with especially high levels of participation in Arizona and the American Southwest. Road networks related to OHV recreation have the potential to influence kit fox (Vulpes macrotis) space use intensity. To evaluate the potential impacts of OHV road networks to kit fox space use, we conducted a study during 2010–2013 in 2 areas of the Sonoran Desert in central Arizona. We used an observational approach to determine the importance of road density to kit fox space use, relative to other measured environmental variables. We monitored 22 collared individuals and used linear mixed models and an information-theoretic approach to develop models of intensity of space use for seasons of relatively low (e.g., 33% of yearly OHV use observed) and high (e.g., 67% of yearly OHV use observed) OHV use. We found road density to be the most important predictor of space use for kit foxes, relative to other measured environmental variables. Space use was negatively associated with road density during winter (Oct–Mar), which coincided with kit fox breeding, denning, and pupping activities and was the season of relatively higher OHV use. Road density in OHV use areas is an important seasonal predictor of, and can negatively influence, kit fox space use. OHV road networks may lead to effective habitat loss for kit foxes and managers must consider how OHV recreational opportunities should be balanced with habitat conservation for species like kit fox.

KW - Arizona

KW - disturbance

KW - kit fox

KW - off-highway vehicle

KW - roads

KW - Vulpes macrotis

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85007195957&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85007195957&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/jwmg.21204

DO - 10.1002/jwmg.21204

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85007195957

VL - 81

SP - 230

EP - 237

JO - Journal of Wildlife Management

JF - Journal of Wildlife Management

SN - 0022-541X

IS - 2

ER -