New approach to assessing age uncertainties – The 2300-year varve chronology from Eklutna Lake, Alaska (USA)

David Fortin, Nore Praet, Nicholas P. McKay, Darrell S Kaufman, Britta J.L. Jensen, Peter J. Haeussler, Casey Buchanan, Marc De Batist

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Developing robust chronological frameworks of lacustrine sediment is central to reconstructing past environmental changes. We present varve chronologies from five sites extending back 2300 years from Eklutna Lake, in the Chugach Mountains of south-central Alaska. The chronologies are built from image analysis of high-resolution photographs and CT scans of sediment cores. The age uncertainty of each record is tested by three methods. We first present varve chronologies from individual sites and reconcile the difference in varve delimitation from two observers. The varve chronologies from each site are then compared to each other using a series of marker beds that can be traced across the lake basin. Finally, using a new Bayesian probabilistic model, we develop age models that incorporate information regarding age uncertainty from the multiple-observer method and the age distribution of marker layers from multiple cores. To evaluate the accuracy of the Bayesian model output, we used seven radiocarbon ages from terrestrial macrofossils and four tephra layers traceable across the core sites. The major-element geochemistry of the tephra layers and their ages are presented here for the first time. The Bayesian age model offers a new approach to quantifying age uncertainty in inter-correlated cores of varved sediment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)90-101
Number of pages12
JournalQuaternary Science Reviews
Volume203
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

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varve
chronology
uncertainty
lakes
lake
tephra
marker bed
lacustrine sediments
probabilistic models
sediments
delimitation
Varves
Uncertainty
Chronology
geochemistry
age structure
image analysis
photograph
sediment core
lacustrine deposit

Keywords

  • Age model
  • Alaska
  • Geochronology
  • Tephra
  • Varve

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Global and Planetary Change
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Archaeology
  • Archaeology
  • Geology

Cite this

New approach to assessing age uncertainties – The 2300-year varve chronology from Eklutna Lake, Alaska (USA). / Fortin, David; Praet, Nore; McKay, Nicholas P.; Kaufman, Darrell S; Jensen, Britta J.L.; Haeussler, Peter J.; Buchanan, Casey; De Batist, Marc.

In: Quaternary Science Reviews, Vol. 203, 01.01.2019, p. 90-101.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Fortin, David ; Praet, Nore ; McKay, Nicholas P. ; Kaufman, Darrell S ; Jensen, Britta J.L. ; Haeussler, Peter J. ; Buchanan, Casey ; De Batist, Marc. / New approach to assessing age uncertainties – The 2300-year varve chronology from Eklutna Lake, Alaska (USA). In: Quaternary Science Reviews. 2019 ; Vol. 203. pp. 90-101.
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