mRNA, rRNA and DNA quantitative stable isotope probing with H2 18O indicates use of old rRNA among soil Thaumarchaeota

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

RNA is considered to be a short-lived molecule, indicative of cellular metabolic activity, whereas DNA is thought to turn over more slowly because living cells do not always grow and divide. To explore differences in the rates of synthesis of these nucleic acids, we used H2 18O quantitative stable isotope probing (qSIP) to measure the incorporation of 18O into 16S rRNA, the 16S rDNA, amoA mRNA and the amoA gene of soil Thaumarchaeota. Incorporation of 18O into the thaumarchaeal amoA mRNA pool was faster than into the 16S rRNA pool, suggesting that Thaumarchaea were metabolically active while using rRNA molecules that were likely synthetized prior to H2 18O addition. Assimilation rates of 18O into 16S rDNA and amoA genes were similar, which was expected because both genes are present in the same thaumarchaeal genome. The Thaumarchaea had significantly higher rRNA to rDNA ratios than bacteria, though the 18O isotopic signature of thaumarchaeal rRNA was lower than that of bacterial rRNA, further suggesting preservation of old non-labeled rRNA. Through qSIP of soil with H2 18O, we showed that 18O incorporation into thaumarchaeal nucleic acids was generally low, indicating slower turnover rates compared to bacteria, and potentially suggesting thaumarchaeal capability for preservation and efficient reuse of biomolecules.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)159-166
Number of pages8
JournalSoil Biology and Biochemistry
Volume130
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2019

Fingerprint

Ribosomal DNA
Isotopes
stable isotopes
stable isotope
Soil
ribosomal RNA
nucleic acid
DNA
Messenger RNA
Nucleic Acids
gene
turnover
Genes
Bacteria
soil
bacterium
RNA
nucleic acids
genome
Genome

Keywords

  • amoA gene
  • mRNA
  • rRNA and DNA quantitative stable isotope probing
  • Thaumarchaeota

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Soil Science

Cite this

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title = "mRNA, rRNA and DNA quantitative stable isotope probing with H2 18O indicates use of old rRNA among soil Thaumarchaeota",
abstract = "RNA is considered to be a short-lived molecule, indicative of cellular metabolic activity, whereas DNA is thought to turn over more slowly because living cells do not always grow and divide. To explore differences in the rates of synthesis of these nucleic acids, we used H2 18O quantitative stable isotope probing (qSIP) to measure the incorporation of 18O into 16S rRNA, the 16S rDNA, amoA mRNA and the amoA gene of soil Thaumarchaeota. Incorporation of 18O into the thaumarchaeal amoA mRNA pool was faster than into the 16S rRNA pool, suggesting that Thaumarchaea were metabolically active while using rRNA molecules that were likely synthetized prior to H2 18O addition. Assimilation rates of 18O into 16S rDNA and amoA genes were similar, which was expected because both genes are present in the same thaumarchaeal genome. The Thaumarchaea had significantly higher rRNA to rDNA ratios than bacteria, though the 18O isotopic signature of thaumarchaeal rRNA was lower than that of bacterial rRNA, further suggesting preservation of old non-labeled rRNA. Through qSIP of soil with H2 18O, we showed that 18O incorporation into thaumarchaeal nucleic acids was generally low, indicating slower turnover rates compared to bacteria, and potentially suggesting thaumarchaeal capability for preservation and efficient reuse of biomolecules.",
keywords = "amoA gene, mRNA, rRNA and DNA quantitative stable isotope probing, Thaumarchaeota",
author = "Katerina Papp and Hungate, {Bruce A} and Egbert Schwartz",
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T1 - mRNA, rRNA and DNA quantitative stable isotope probing with H2 18O indicates use of old rRNA among soil Thaumarchaeota

AU - Papp, Katerina

AU - Hungate, Bruce A

AU - Schwartz, Egbert

PY - 2019/3/1

Y1 - 2019/3/1

N2 - RNA is considered to be a short-lived molecule, indicative of cellular metabolic activity, whereas DNA is thought to turn over more slowly because living cells do not always grow and divide. To explore differences in the rates of synthesis of these nucleic acids, we used H2 18O quantitative stable isotope probing (qSIP) to measure the incorporation of 18O into 16S rRNA, the 16S rDNA, amoA mRNA and the amoA gene of soil Thaumarchaeota. Incorporation of 18O into the thaumarchaeal amoA mRNA pool was faster than into the 16S rRNA pool, suggesting that Thaumarchaea were metabolically active while using rRNA molecules that were likely synthetized prior to H2 18O addition. Assimilation rates of 18O into 16S rDNA and amoA genes were similar, which was expected because both genes are present in the same thaumarchaeal genome. The Thaumarchaea had significantly higher rRNA to rDNA ratios than bacteria, though the 18O isotopic signature of thaumarchaeal rRNA was lower than that of bacterial rRNA, further suggesting preservation of old non-labeled rRNA. Through qSIP of soil with H2 18O, we showed that 18O incorporation into thaumarchaeal nucleic acids was generally low, indicating slower turnover rates compared to bacteria, and potentially suggesting thaumarchaeal capability for preservation and efficient reuse of biomolecules.

AB - RNA is considered to be a short-lived molecule, indicative of cellular metabolic activity, whereas DNA is thought to turn over more slowly because living cells do not always grow and divide. To explore differences in the rates of synthesis of these nucleic acids, we used H2 18O quantitative stable isotope probing (qSIP) to measure the incorporation of 18O into 16S rRNA, the 16S rDNA, amoA mRNA and the amoA gene of soil Thaumarchaeota. Incorporation of 18O into the thaumarchaeal amoA mRNA pool was faster than into the 16S rRNA pool, suggesting that Thaumarchaea were metabolically active while using rRNA molecules that were likely synthetized prior to H2 18O addition. Assimilation rates of 18O into 16S rDNA and amoA genes were similar, which was expected because both genes are present in the same thaumarchaeal genome. The Thaumarchaea had significantly higher rRNA to rDNA ratios than bacteria, though the 18O isotopic signature of thaumarchaeal rRNA was lower than that of bacterial rRNA, further suggesting preservation of old non-labeled rRNA. Through qSIP of soil with H2 18O, we showed that 18O incorporation into thaumarchaeal nucleic acids was generally low, indicating slower turnover rates compared to bacteria, and potentially suggesting thaumarchaeal capability for preservation and efficient reuse of biomolecules.

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