Molecular analysis of hprt mutations generated in Chinese hamster ovary EM9 cells by uranyl acetate, by hydrogen peroxide, and spontaneously

Virginia H. Coryell, Diane M. Stearns

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Naturally occurring uranium and depleted uranium (DU) are believed to be health hazards by virtue of both their chemical and radiological properties. The mechanism(s) behind uranium's chemotoxic effects has yet to be elucidated. Previous work has shown that DLJ, as uranyl acetate (LJA), was mutagenic at the hypoxanthine (guanine) phosphoribosyltransferase (hprt) locus in XRCC1-deficient CHO EM9 cells. The purpose of the current study was to characterize the mutations induced by UA at the hprt locus of CHO EM9 cells and compare the mutation spectrum of UA with those of hydrogen peroxide and spontaneous mutations in the same line. The hypothesis being tested was that if DU as UA is chemically genotoxic then the mutation spectrum induced by the heavy metal should be distinct from that produced spontaneously or by H2O 2. A total of 59 UA-induced, 38 spontaneous, and 45 H 2O2-induced mutations were identified. Base substitutions comprised 29%, 42%, and 16% of UA, spontaneous, and H2O2 mutants, respectively. The frequency of G → T or C → A substitutions was not significantly different in spontaneous or H2O 2-induced mutants than in UA-induced mutants, suggesting a possible role for 8-oxodG damage in UA mutagenesis. However, the observation that UA produced significantly more major genomic rearrangements (multiexon insertions and deletions) than occurred spontaneously suggests the possibility that DNA strand breaks or crosslinks could also be UA-induced mutagenic lesions. The unique mutation spectrum elicited by exposure to UA suggests that UA generates mutations in ways that are different from spontaneous and free radical as well as radiological mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)60-72
Number of pages13
JournalMolecular Carcinogenesis
Volume45
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2006

Keywords

  • Chinese hamster ovary
  • DNA mutational analysis
  • Hydrogen peroxide
  • Uranium
  • hprt

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cancer Research

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