Modern fire regime resembles historical fire regime in a ponderosa pine forest on Native American lands

Amanda B. Stan, Peter Z Fule, Kathryn B. Ireland, Jamie S. Sanderlin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Forests on tribal lands in the western United States have seen the return of low-intensity surface fires for several decades longer than forests on non-tribal lands. We examined the surface fire regime in a ponderosa pine-dominated (Pinus ponderosa) forest on the Hualapai tribal lands in the south-western United States. Using fire-scarred trees, we inferred temporal (frequency and seasonality) and spatial (synchrony) attributes and regulators of the fire regime over three land-use periods (historical, suppression, modern) between 1702 and 2007. Patterns of fire frequency and synchrony were similar, but fire seasonality was dissimilar, between the historical and modern periods. Logistic regression and generalised linear mixed models identified a suite of variables representing fuels, climate and human land uses that were associated with the probability of a site burning. Combined, these results allow for valuable insights regarding past fire spread and variability in fire frequency throughout our study area. In some respects, the current distinct fire regime in our study area, which predominately consists of prescribed fires implemented since the 1960s, resembles the past frequent surface fire regime that occurred here and in similar forest types on non-tribal lands in the south-western United States. Our results will be useful for informing adaptive management throughout the region as climate warms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)686-697
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Wildland Fire
Volume23
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

Fingerprint

American Indians
fire regime
Pinus ponderosa
coniferous forests
tribal lands
Southwestern United States
land use
fire spread
climate
Western United States
prescribed burning
synchrony
forest types
seasonality
land
adaptive management
logistics

Keywords

  • climate
  • dendrochronology
  • fire scars
  • fuels
  • generalised linear mixed models
  • Hualapai Tribe
  • logistic regression models
  • Pinus ponderosa
  • prescribed fire
  • south-western United States

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Forestry
  • Ecology

Cite this

Modern fire regime resembles historical fire regime in a ponderosa pine forest on Native American lands. / Stan, Amanda B.; Fule, Peter Z; Ireland, Kathryn B.; Sanderlin, Jamie S.

In: International Journal of Wildland Fire, Vol. 23, No. 5, 2014, p. 686-697.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Stan, Amanda B. ; Fule, Peter Z ; Ireland, Kathryn B. ; Sanderlin, Jamie S. / Modern fire regime resembles historical fire regime in a ponderosa pine forest on Native American lands. In: International Journal of Wildland Fire. 2014 ; Vol. 23, No. 5. pp. 686-697.
@article{a0c55cd0de084a7ba4e3e4a606dfe0a2,
title = "Modern fire regime resembles historical fire regime in a ponderosa pine forest on Native American lands",
abstract = "Forests on tribal lands in the western United States have seen the return of low-intensity surface fires for several decades longer than forests on non-tribal lands. We examined the surface fire regime in a ponderosa pine-dominated (Pinus ponderosa) forest on the Hualapai tribal lands in the south-western United States. Using fire-scarred trees, we inferred temporal (frequency and seasonality) and spatial (synchrony) attributes and regulators of the fire regime over three land-use periods (historical, suppression, modern) between 1702 and 2007. Patterns of fire frequency and synchrony were similar, but fire seasonality was dissimilar, between the historical and modern periods. Logistic regression and generalised linear mixed models identified a suite of variables representing fuels, climate and human land uses that were associated with the probability of a site burning. Combined, these results allow for valuable insights regarding past fire spread and variability in fire frequency throughout our study area. In some respects, the current distinct fire regime in our study area, which predominately consists of prescribed fires implemented since the 1960s, resembles the past frequent surface fire regime that occurred here and in similar forest types on non-tribal lands in the south-western United States. Our results will be useful for informing adaptive management throughout the region as climate warms.",
keywords = "climate, dendrochronology, fire scars, fuels, generalised linear mixed models, Hualapai Tribe, logistic regression models, Pinus ponderosa, prescribed fire, south-western United States",
author = "Stan, {Amanda B.} and Fule, {Peter Z} and Ireland, {Kathryn B.} and Sanderlin, {Jamie S.}",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1071/WF13089",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "23",
pages = "686--697",
journal = "International Journal of Wildland Fire",
issn = "1049-8001",
publisher = "CSIRO",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Modern fire regime resembles historical fire regime in a ponderosa pine forest on Native American lands

AU - Stan, Amanda B.

AU - Fule, Peter Z

AU - Ireland, Kathryn B.

AU - Sanderlin, Jamie S.

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Forests on tribal lands in the western United States have seen the return of low-intensity surface fires for several decades longer than forests on non-tribal lands. We examined the surface fire regime in a ponderosa pine-dominated (Pinus ponderosa) forest on the Hualapai tribal lands in the south-western United States. Using fire-scarred trees, we inferred temporal (frequency and seasonality) and spatial (synchrony) attributes and regulators of the fire regime over three land-use periods (historical, suppression, modern) between 1702 and 2007. Patterns of fire frequency and synchrony were similar, but fire seasonality was dissimilar, between the historical and modern periods. Logistic regression and generalised linear mixed models identified a suite of variables representing fuels, climate and human land uses that were associated with the probability of a site burning. Combined, these results allow for valuable insights regarding past fire spread and variability in fire frequency throughout our study area. In some respects, the current distinct fire regime in our study area, which predominately consists of prescribed fires implemented since the 1960s, resembles the past frequent surface fire regime that occurred here and in similar forest types on non-tribal lands in the south-western United States. Our results will be useful for informing adaptive management throughout the region as climate warms.

AB - Forests on tribal lands in the western United States have seen the return of low-intensity surface fires for several decades longer than forests on non-tribal lands. We examined the surface fire regime in a ponderosa pine-dominated (Pinus ponderosa) forest on the Hualapai tribal lands in the south-western United States. Using fire-scarred trees, we inferred temporal (frequency and seasonality) and spatial (synchrony) attributes and regulators of the fire regime over three land-use periods (historical, suppression, modern) between 1702 and 2007. Patterns of fire frequency and synchrony were similar, but fire seasonality was dissimilar, between the historical and modern periods. Logistic regression and generalised linear mixed models identified a suite of variables representing fuels, climate and human land uses that were associated with the probability of a site burning. Combined, these results allow for valuable insights regarding past fire spread and variability in fire frequency throughout our study area. In some respects, the current distinct fire regime in our study area, which predominately consists of prescribed fires implemented since the 1960s, resembles the past frequent surface fire regime that occurred here and in similar forest types on non-tribal lands in the south-western United States. Our results will be useful for informing adaptive management throughout the region as climate warms.

KW - climate

KW - dendrochronology

KW - fire scars

KW - fuels

KW - generalised linear mixed models

KW - Hualapai Tribe

KW - logistic regression models

KW - Pinus ponderosa

KW - prescribed fire

KW - south-western United States

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84905510897&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84905510897&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1071/WF13089

DO - 10.1071/WF13089

M3 - Article

VL - 23

SP - 686

EP - 697

JO - International Journal of Wildland Fire

JF - International Journal of Wildland Fire

SN - 1049-8001

IS - 5

ER -