Magnetic fabric, welding texture and strain fabric in the Nuraxi Tuff, Sardinia, Italy

L. Pioli, R. Lanza, M. Ort, M. Rosi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility (AMS) has been used to interpret flow directions in ignimbrites, but no study has demonstrated that the AMS fabric corresponds to the flow fabric. In this paper, we show that the AMS and strain fabric coincide in a high-grade ignimbrite, the Nuraxi Tuff, a Miocene rhyolitic ignimbrite displaying a wide variability of rheomorphic features and a well-defined magnetic fabric. Natural remanent magnetization (NRM) data indicate that the magnetization of the tuff is homogeneous and was acquired at high temperatures by Ti-magnetite crystals. Comparison between the magnetic fabric and the deformation features along a representative section shows that AMS and anisotropy of isothermal remanent magnetization (AIRM) fabric are coaxial with and reproduce the shape of the strain ellipsoid. Magnetic tests and scanning electron microscopy observations indicate that the fabric is due to trails of micrometer-size, pseudo-single domain, magnetically interacting magnetite crystals. Microlites formed along discontinuities such as shard rims and vesicle walls mimicking the petrofabric of the tuff. The fabric was thus acquired after deposition, before late rheomorphic processes, and accurately mimics homogeneous deformation features of the shards during welding processes and mass flow.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1123-1137
Number of pages15
JournalBulletin of Volcanology
Volume70
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 23 2008

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Keywords

  • High-grade tuff
  • Laminar flow
  • Magnetic anisotropy
  • Rheomorphism
  • Sardinia
  • Welding

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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