Lexis and grammar as complementary discourse systems for expressing stance and evaluation

Douglas E Biber, Jesse Egbert, Meixiu Zhang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Although 'stance' and 'evaluation' are closely related theoretical constructs, stance is normally investigated through corpus-based methods focusing on the use of lexico-grammatical features, while evaluative language, being regarded as more context-dependent, has been investigated through the use of particular words and phrases in individual texts. This study explores the possibility that these two linguistic systems are partially complementary, with some registers relying on lexico-grammatical stance features and others on evaluative lexis. We compare the linguistic discourse styles of three opinionated/persuasive web registers: 'Opinion Blogs' (OB), 'Reviews' (RV), and 'Descriptions-with-intentto- Sell' (DS). We show that OB and RV use grammatical stance devices more but DS considerably less than most other web registers. However, our detailed study of the lexical keywords found in these three registers reveals the opposite pattern of use.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationThe Construction of Discourse as Verbal Interaction
EditorsMaria de los Angeles Gomez Gonzalez, J. Lachlan Mackenzie
PublisherJohn Benjamins Publishing Company
Pages201-226
Number of pages26
ISBN (Print)9789027201416
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018

Publication series

NamePragmatics and Beyond New Series
Volume296
ISSN (Print)0922-842X

Fingerprint

weblog
grammar
linguistics
discourse
evaluation
language
Lexis
Stance
Evaluation
Grammar
Discourse
World Wide Web
Blogs

Keywords

  • Blogs
  • Evaluation
  • Reviews
  • Stance
  • Web registers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language

Cite this

Biber, D. E., Egbert, J., & Zhang, M. (2018). Lexis and grammar as complementary discourse systems for expressing stance and evaluation. In M. de los Angeles Gomez Gonzalez, & J. L. Mackenzie (Eds.), The Construction of Discourse as Verbal Interaction (pp. 201-226). (Pragmatics and Beyond New Series; Vol. 296). John Benjamins Publishing Company. https://doi.org/10.1075/pbns.296.08bib

Lexis and grammar as complementary discourse systems for expressing stance and evaluation. / Biber, Douglas E; Egbert, Jesse; Zhang, Meixiu.

The Construction of Discourse as Verbal Interaction. ed. / Maria de los Angeles Gomez Gonzalez; J. Lachlan Mackenzie. John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2018. p. 201-226 (Pragmatics and Beyond New Series; Vol. 296).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Biber, DE, Egbert, J & Zhang, M 2018, Lexis and grammar as complementary discourse systems for expressing stance and evaluation. in M de los Angeles Gomez Gonzalez & JL Mackenzie (eds), The Construction of Discourse as Verbal Interaction. Pragmatics and Beyond New Series, vol. 296, John Benjamins Publishing Company, pp. 201-226. https://doi.org/10.1075/pbns.296.08bib
Biber DE, Egbert J, Zhang M. Lexis and grammar as complementary discourse systems for expressing stance and evaluation. In de los Angeles Gomez Gonzalez M, Mackenzie JL, editors, The Construction of Discourse as Verbal Interaction. John Benjamins Publishing Company. 2018. p. 201-226. (Pragmatics and Beyond New Series). https://doi.org/10.1075/pbns.296.08bib
Biber, Douglas E ; Egbert, Jesse ; Zhang, Meixiu. / Lexis and grammar as complementary discourse systems for expressing stance and evaluation. The Construction of Discourse as Verbal Interaction. editor / Maria de los Angeles Gomez Gonzalez ; J. Lachlan Mackenzie. John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2018. pp. 201-226 (Pragmatics and Beyond New Series).
@inbook{b022d502006a4bd081441fb1df87532e,
title = "Lexis and grammar as complementary discourse systems for expressing stance and evaluation",
abstract = "Although 'stance' and 'evaluation' are closely related theoretical constructs, stance is normally investigated through corpus-based methods focusing on the use of lexico-grammatical features, while evaluative language, being regarded as more context-dependent, has been investigated through the use of particular words and phrases in individual texts. This study explores the possibility that these two linguistic systems are partially complementary, with some registers relying on lexico-grammatical stance features and others on evaluative lexis. We compare the linguistic discourse styles of three opinionated/persuasive web registers: 'Opinion Blogs' (OB), 'Reviews' (RV), and 'Descriptions-with-intentto- Sell' (DS). We show that OB and RV use grammatical stance devices more but DS considerably less than most other web registers. However, our detailed study of the lexical keywords found in these three registers reveals the opposite pattern of use.",
keywords = "Blogs, Evaluation, Reviews, Stance, Web registers",
author = "Biber, {Douglas E} and Jesse Egbert and Meixiu Zhang",
year = "2018",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1075/pbns.296.08bib",
language = "English (US)",
isbn = "9789027201416",
series = "Pragmatics and Beyond New Series",
publisher = "John Benjamins Publishing Company",
pages = "201--226",
editor = "{de los Angeles Gomez Gonzalez}, Maria and Mackenzie, {J. Lachlan}",
booktitle = "The Construction of Discourse as Verbal Interaction",
address = "Netherlands",

}

TY - CHAP

T1 - Lexis and grammar as complementary discourse systems for expressing stance and evaluation

AU - Biber, Douglas E

AU - Egbert, Jesse

AU - Zhang, Meixiu

PY - 2018/1/1

Y1 - 2018/1/1

N2 - Although 'stance' and 'evaluation' are closely related theoretical constructs, stance is normally investigated through corpus-based methods focusing on the use of lexico-grammatical features, while evaluative language, being regarded as more context-dependent, has been investigated through the use of particular words and phrases in individual texts. This study explores the possibility that these two linguistic systems are partially complementary, with some registers relying on lexico-grammatical stance features and others on evaluative lexis. We compare the linguistic discourse styles of three opinionated/persuasive web registers: 'Opinion Blogs' (OB), 'Reviews' (RV), and 'Descriptions-with-intentto- Sell' (DS). We show that OB and RV use grammatical stance devices more but DS considerably less than most other web registers. However, our detailed study of the lexical keywords found in these three registers reveals the opposite pattern of use.

AB - Although 'stance' and 'evaluation' are closely related theoretical constructs, stance is normally investigated through corpus-based methods focusing on the use of lexico-grammatical features, while evaluative language, being regarded as more context-dependent, has been investigated through the use of particular words and phrases in individual texts. This study explores the possibility that these two linguistic systems are partially complementary, with some registers relying on lexico-grammatical stance features and others on evaluative lexis. We compare the linguistic discourse styles of three opinionated/persuasive web registers: 'Opinion Blogs' (OB), 'Reviews' (RV), and 'Descriptions-with-intentto- Sell' (DS). We show that OB and RV use grammatical stance devices more but DS considerably less than most other web registers. However, our detailed study of the lexical keywords found in these three registers reveals the opposite pattern of use.

KW - Blogs

KW - Evaluation

KW - Reviews

KW - Stance

KW - Web registers

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85052710363&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85052710363&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1075/pbns.296.08bib

DO - 10.1075/pbns.296.08bib

M3 - Chapter

SN - 9789027201416

T3 - Pragmatics and Beyond New Series

SP - 201

EP - 226

BT - The Construction of Discourse as Verbal Interaction

A2 - de los Angeles Gomez Gonzalez, Maria

A2 - Mackenzie, J. Lachlan

PB - John Benjamins Publishing Company

ER -