Leader–member exchange and employee health: an exploration of explanatory mechanisms

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: The impact of employee health on organizations, individual employees and society as a whole is vast. The purpose of this paper is to explore the relationship between leadership–member exchange (LMX) and employee mental and physical health. Additionally, two variables with strong empirical and theoretical ties to employee health (empowerment and stress) are explored as potential mediators. Design/methodology/approach: Survey responses from 182 employees across two organizations were collected to measure study variables. Structural equation modeling techniques were used to analyze data and test hypotheses. Findings: An association between LMX and employee health was found to be fully mediated by both empowerment and stress. Originality/value: These findings contribute to the literature by providing evidence of the association between leadership and both the mental and physical health of employees. This phenomenon highlights the significant impact that leaders have on subordinates both at work and in their general lives outside of the workplace. Understanding the mediating pathways through which leadership comes to impact employee health creates new knowledge regarding the manner in which constructs as disparate as leadership and employee health come to form an association.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalLeadership and Organization Development Journal
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

Employee health
Employees
Mental health
Empowerment
Physical health
Design methodology
Mediator
Structural equation modeling
Hypothesis test
Work place
Pathway

Keywords

  • Employee health
  • Empowerment
  • Leadership
  • Leader–member exchange
  • Stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business, Management and Accounting (miscellaneous)
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

Cite this

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abstract = "Purpose: The impact of employee health on organizations, individual employees and society as a whole is vast. The purpose of this paper is to explore the relationship between leadership–member exchange (LMX) and employee mental and physical health. Additionally, two variables with strong empirical and theoretical ties to employee health (empowerment and stress) are explored as potential mediators. Design/methodology/approach: Survey responses from 182 employees across two organizations were collected to measure study variables. Structural equation modeling techniques were used to analyze data and test hypotheses. Findings: An association between LMX and employee health was found to be fully mediated by both empowerment and stress. Originality/value: These findings contribute to the literature by providing evidence of the association between leadership and both the mental and physical health of employees. This phenomenon highlights the significant impact that leaders have on subordinates both at work and in their general lives outside of the workplace. Understanding the mediating pathways through which leadership comes to impact employee health creates new knowledge regarding the manner in which constructs as disparate as leadership and employee health come to form an association.",
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