Late glacial and Holocene environmental changes inferred from sediments in Lake Myklevatnet, Nordfjord, western Norway

Atle Nesje, Jostein Bakke, Stephen J. Brooks, Darrell S. Kaufman, Emma Kihlberg, Mathias Trachsel, William J. D'Andrea, John A. Matthews

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Late Glacial and Holocene environmental changes were reconstructed using physical, chemical and biological proxies in Lake Myklevatnet, Allmenningen, (5°13′17″E, 61°55′13″N) located at the northern side of Nordfjorden at the coast of western Norway. Myklevatnet (123 m a.s.l.) lies above the Late Glacial marine limit and contains sediments back to approximately 14,300 years before a.d. 2000 (b2k). Because the lake is located ~48 km beyond the margin of the Younger Dryas (YD) fjord and valley glaciers further inland, and did not receive glacier meltwater from local glaciers during the YD, the lake record provides supplementary information to Lake Kråkenes that received glacial meltwater from a local YD glacier. Lake Myklevatnet has a small catchment and is sensitive to Late Glacial and Holocene climate and environmental changes in the coastal region of western Norway. The age-depth relationship was inferred from a radiocarbon- and tephra-based smoothing-spline model with correlated ages from oxygen isotope maxima and minima in the Late Glacial sequence of the NGRIP ice core (in years b2k) to refine the basal chronology in the Myklevatnet record. The results indicate a two-step YD warming, colder early YD temperatures than in the later part of the YD, and considerably more climate and environmental variability during the late Holocene in western Norway than recorded previously in the oxygen isotopes from Greenland ice cores. The Myklevatnet record is also compared with other Late Glacial and Holocene terrestrial and marine proxy reconstructions in the North Atlantic realm.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)229-248
Number of pages20
JournalVegetation History and Archaeobotany
Volume23
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2014

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Keywords

  • Environmental change
  • Holocene
  • Lake sediments
  • Late glacial
  • Multi-proxy reconstruction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Archaeology
  • Plant Science
  • Palaeontology

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